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Chromobacterium violaceum is a gram-negative rod and is isolated from soil and water in tropical and subtropical regions. The species have pigmented and nonpigmented colony types. Infections caused by nonpigmented strains are rare. We report on two cases of infection caused by both pigmented and nonpigmented strains of C. violaceum. Two 24-year-old Korea(More)
Fluid shear stress activates a member of the mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase family, extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK), by mechanisms dependent on cholesterol in the plasma membrane in bovine aortic endothelial cells (BAEC). Caveolae are microdomains of the plasma membrane that are enriched with cholesterol, caveolin, and signaling(More)
AIMS From a survey of submerged culture of edible mushrooms, a high pigment-producing fungus Paecilomyces sinclairii was selected and its optimal culture conditions investigated. METHODS AND RESULTS The optimal culture conditions for pigment production were as follows: inoculum age, 3 d; temperature, 25 degrees C; initial pH, 6.0; carbon source, 1.5%(More)
The optimization of submerged culture conditions and nutritional requirements was studied for the production of exopolysaccharide (EPS) from Agrocybe cylindracea ASI-9002 using the statistically based experimental design in a shake flask culture. Both maximum mycelial biomass and EPS were observed at 25 degrees C. The optimal initial pH for the production(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE There are a few reports regarding the outcome evaluation of balloon-expandable intracranial stent placement (BEICS). The purpose of our study was to evaluate the outcome and factors related to the adverse events (AEs) of BEICS. MATERIALS AND METHODS We evaluated 100 consecutive patients who underwent BEICS. We assessed the(More)
AIMS The objective of the present study was to determine the optimal culture conditions for the production of four groups of exopolysaccharides (EPSs) in Phellinus gilvus by submerged culture and to investigate their molecular properties by multi-angle laser-light scattering (MALLS) analysis. METHODS AND RESULTS The optimal temperature and initial pH for(More)
Tectorigenin and kaikasaponin III from the flowers of Pueraria thunbergiana showed potent hypoglycemic and hypolipidemic effects in the streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. Intraperitoneal administration of these two compounds with 5 and 10 mg/kg, respectively, for seven days to streptozotocin-induced rats significantly reduced the blood glucose, total(More)
The efficacy of forced air warming with a surgical access blanket in preventing a decrease in core temperature during anaesthesia and post-anaesthesia shivering (PAS) was compared with two widely used interventions comprising forced air warming combined with an upper body blanket, and a circulating water mattress, in a prospective, randomized double-blind(More)
Cisplatin, a chemotherapeutic agent for treating various solid tumors, produces hearing loss in approximately half a million cancer patients annually in the United States. In the course of developing a new protective agent against cisplatin-induced ototoxicity, we have been interested in a novel synthetic compound,(More)
During development, self-reactive immature thymocytes are clonally deleted in the thymus, a phenomenon which establishes T cell tolerance (negative selection). It has been shown that the deletion of self-reactive immature T cells in the thymus is mediated by apoptosis upon T cell receptor (TCR) engagement. Apoptosis of immature thymocytes mediated by the(More)