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Quantitative classification of mammographic parenchyma based on radiological assessment has been shown to provide one of the strongest estimates of the risk of developing breast cancer. Existing classification schemes, however, are limited by coarse category scales. In addition, subjectivity can lead to sizeable interobserver and intraobserver variations.(More)
BACKGROUND The radiographic appearance of the female breast varies from woman to woman depending on the relative amounts of fat and connective and epithelial tissues present. Variations in the mammographic density of breast tissue are referred to as the parenchymal pattern of the breast. Fat is radiologically translucent or clear (darker appearance), and(More)
Information derived from mammographic parenchymal patterns provides one of the strongest indicators of the risk of developing breast cancer. To address several limitations of subjective classification of mammographic parenchyma into coarse density categories, we have been investigating more quantitative, objective methods of analysing the film-screen(More)
The radiological appearance of the female breast varies among individuals because of differences in the relative amounts and X-ray attenuation characteristics of fat and epithelial and stromal tissues. Fat is radiolucent and appears dark on a mammogram, and epithelium and stroma are radiodense and appear light. We review here the evidence that these(More)
BACKGROUND The appearance of breast tissue on mammography varies according to its composition. Fat is radiolucent and appears dark on mammography, while stromal and epithelial tissue has greater optical density and appears light. Extensive areas of radiologically dense breast tissue seen on mammography are associated with an increased risk of breast cancer.(More)
BACKGROUND There is considerable evidence that one of the strongest risk factors for breast carcinoma can be assessed from the mammographic appearance of the breast. However, the magnitude of the risk factor and the reliability of the prediction depend on the method of classification. Subjective classification requires specialized observer training and(More)
Mammographic parenchymal patterns are among the strongest indicators of the risk of developing breast cancer. Risk evaluation through breast patterns may have an important role in studies of the aetiology of breast cancer and for monitoring changes in the breast in evaluating potential risk-modifying interventions. Typically, patterns are assessed by an(More)
We studied 273 premenopausal women recruited from mammography units who had different degrees of density of the breast parenchyma on mammography, in whom we measured height, weight and skinfold thicknesses. Mammograms were digitized to high spatial resolution by a scanning densitometer and images analysed to measure the area of dense tissue and the total(More)
To evaluate the association between mammographic density and breast cancer risk, a simple, observer-assisted technique called interactive thresholding was developed that allows reliable quantitative assessment of mammographic density with use of a computer workstation. Use of this technique helps confirm that mammographic density is one of the strongest(More)
To examine the effects of dietary fat intake on breast cancer risk, we are conducting a randomized trial of dietary intervention in women with extensive areas of radiologically dense breast tissue on mammography, a risk factor for breast cancer. Early results show that after 2 years on a low-fat, high-carbohydrate diet there is a significant reduction in(More)