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Electron transport and respiratory pathways are active in both latent and rapidly growing mycobacteria and remain conserved in all mycobacterial species. In mycobacteria, menaquinone is the sole electron carrier responsible for electron transport. Menaquinone biosynthesis pathway is found to be essential for the growth of mycobacteria. Structural analogs of(More)
5,6-Dihydro-2H-pyran-2-ones are potent inhibitors of HIV-1 protease, which bind to the S1, S2, S1', and S2' pockets and have a unique binding mode with the catalytic aspartyl groups and the flap region of the enzyme. Efforts to explore 3-position heterocyclic scaffolds that bind to the S1' and S2' pockets have provided a number of selected analogs that(More)
The synthesis of analogues of AcSerLeuAsn[Phe-HEA-Pro]IleValOMe (1, JG-365; where HEA stands for the hydroxyethylamine unit 2), a tight-binding inhibitor of HIVP, are reported. Systematic modification of the P3 and P3' regions of the inhibitors has led to smaller HIVP inhibitors that inhibit viral replication in HIV-infected and SIV-infected cell cultures.(More)
From an initial mass screening lead, (IC50: 3 microM) and information derived from the X-ray crystallographic structure of a related analog, complexed with HIV protease (PR), the design of more potent inhibitors has been advanced. Various structure-guided approaches to fill P1' and P2' pockets using this pyran-2-one template, molecular modeling and X-ray(More)
With the insight generated by the availability of X-ray crystal structures of various 5,6-dihydropyran-2-ones bound to HIV PR, inhibitors possessing various alkyl groups at the 6-position of 5,6-dihydropyran-2-one ring were synthesized. The inhibitors possessing a 6-alkyl group exhibited superior antiviral activities when compared to 6-phenyl analogues.(More)
As part of the National Cancer Institute's Drug Screening Program, a new class of antiretrovirals active against the human immunodeficiency virus HIV-1 has been identified, and the HIV-1 nucleocapsid protein NCp7 was proposed as the target of antiviral action. The 2,2'-dithiobis-[4'-(sulfamoyl)benzanilide] (3x) and the 2,2'-dithiobis(5-acetylamino)benzamide(More)
The 4-hydroxy-5,6-dihydropyrone template was utilized as a flexible scaffolding from which to build potent active site inhibitors of HIV protease. Dihydropyrone 1c (5,6-dihydro-4-hydroxy-6-phenyl-3-[(2-phenylethyl)thio]-2H-pyran-2-one) was modeled in the active site of HIV protease utilizing a similar binding mode found for the previously reported(More)
Several small, achiral nonpeptide inhibitors of HIV-1 protease with low micromolar activity were identified by mass screening of the Parke-Davis compound library. Two of the compounds, structurally similar, were both found to be competitive and reversible inhibitors [compound 1, 4-hydroxy-3-(3-phenoxypropyl)-1-benzopyran-2-one: Ki = 1.0 microM; compound 2,(More)