J. Velázquez-Ameijide

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Fractal dimension (FD) can be used to characterize microstructure of porous media, particularly bone tissue. The porous microstructure of cortical bone is observable in micro-CT (μCT) images. Estimations of fractal dimensions of μCT images of coupons of human cortical bone are obtained. The same samples were tested on a tensile test machine and Young's(More)
Accurate material properties of tissues are a key factor for the improvement of medical procedures and treatments. Experimental data are essential in order to formulate and validate a useful constitutive model for predicting the mechanical behavior of tissues in these procedures. This study develops a comprehensive experimental protocol at multiple length(More)
While belt usage among rear-seat passengers is disproportionately lower than their front-seat counterpart, this may have serious consequences in the event of a crash not only for the unbelted rear-seat passenger but also for the front-seat passengers as well. To quantify that effect, the objective of the study is to evaluate the increased likelihood of(More)
The strength of soft tissues is due mainly to collagen fibers. In most collagenous tissues, the arrangement of the fibers is random, but has preferred directions. The random arrangement makes it difficult to make deterministic predictions about the starting process of fiber breaking under tension. When subjected to tensile stress the fibers are(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the predictions of the head injury criterion (HIC), currently used to predict the risk of traumatic brain injury in frontal vehicle impact and pedestrian impact tests, with the predictions of other empirical and analytical injury metrics. METHODS The appropriateness of different criteria relative to injury metrics derived from a head(More)
OBJECTIVES Perform a systematic review for the most relevant pelvic injury research involving PMHS. The review begins with an explanation of the pelvic anatomy and a general description of pelvic fracture patterns followed by the particular case of pelvic fractures sustained in pedestrian-vehicle collisions. Field data documenting the vehicle, crash, and(More)
INTRODUCTION Pedestrian-vehicle collisions are a leading cause of death among motor vehicle accidents. Recently, pedestrian injury research has been increased, mostly due to the implementation of European and Japanese regulations. This research presents an analysis of the main head injury vehicle sources and injury mechanisms observed in the field,(More)
INTRODUCTION There are several studies about M1 type vehicle-pedestrian collision injury pattern, and based on them, there has been several changes in automobiles for pedestrian protection. However, the lack of sufficient studies about injury pattern in motorbikes-pedestrian collisions leads to a lack of optimization design of these vehicles. The objective(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Abrupt accelerations or decelerations can cause large strain in brain tissues and, consequently, different forms of Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI). In order to predict the effect of the accelerations on the soft tissues of the brain, many different injury metrics have been proposed (typically, an injury metric is a real valued(More)
The goal of this study was to determine material properties for the anterior cortex and subcortical regions of human patellae and relate those properties to mineral density and fractal dimension of the bone. Ten human patellae were obtained from eight fresh frozen human cadavers and subjected to anteriorly-directed spherical indentation-relaxation(More)
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