J Vaamonde

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Fluctuations and dyskinesias are the 2 main motor complications associated with chronic levodopa therapy. Striatal denervation following degeneration of the substantia nigra dopaminergic projections is probably the major pathophysiologic mechanism underlying motor fluctuations. In addition, pathologic modification of striatal receptors, partially related to(More)
Levodopa-induced dyskinesias (LID) in Parkinson's disease (PD) may be classified into three main categories: "On" dyskinesias, diphasic dyskinesias (DD), and "off" periods. The study of 168 parkinsonian patients showed that about half (n = 84) showed one pattern of LID only. A combination of two was present in 68, and 16 had the three presentation patterns.(More)
Forty patients with different clinical and electrophysiological types of myoclonus were treated with piracetam (18-24 g per day, p.o.) alone, or with other drugs (clonazepam, sodium valproate, and primidone) in different combinations. Piracetam in monotherapy improved the electrophysiological abnormalities in patients with cortical reflex myoclonus, but had(More)
Thirty-eight parkinsonian patients with motor fluctuations and dyskinesias on chronic levodopa therapy were treated with subcutaneous lisuride infusion (SLI). Thirty-six were discharged from hospital on combined treatment with 24 h lisuride infusion (111.3 +/- 29.5 micrograms/h) and oral levodopa plus a decarboxylase inhibitor (729.6 +/- 452 mg/day); all(More)
We studied the histories of 173 patients with Parkinson's disease (1985-1987) chronically treated with levodopa + dopa decarboxylase inhibitor. Ninety four patients had daily motor fluctuations and 79 showed stable motor response. The most significant differences between fluctuating and stable patients were given by age at disease onset and duration of(More)
We treated 36 patients with motor fluctuations and dyskinesias on chronic levodopa therapy with cabergoline (CBG) once a day for a mean period of 14.2 +/- 5.8 months. There was a significant increase in the "on" hours and a reduction in "off-period" dystonia. Ten patients continued to show a marked improvement after 28.3 months of treatment (mean dose, 11.3(More)
A patient with a bilateral striatal lesion secondary to anoxia presented reflex blepharospasm associated with parkinsonism and dystonia in the limbs. The blink reflex excitability curve was enhanced and the R-2 response prolonged as in patients with essential blepharospasm. The findings in this patient support the notion that blepharospasm may be secondary(More)
Complex motor fluctuations and dyskinesias ("on-off" phenomenon) in Parkinson's disease can be corrected by parenteral administration of levodopa, levodopa-methyl-ester, lisuride and apomorphine. Levodopa and levodopa-methyl-ester may only be administered intravenously because of their low solubility. Lisuride and apomorphine are readily absorbed after(More)
Five patients with myoclonus were treated with oral piracetam (8-9 g/day). All patients had action-sensitive and/or stimulus-sensitive myoclonus and enhanced amplitude of somatosensory evoked potentials. Piracetam produced a marked reduction of the myoclonus in the five subjects without side effects. In view of its excellent tolerance and synergism with(More)