J V Ilekis

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Ovarian cancer is the second most common malignancy of the female reproductive tract. Approximately 50% of ovarian cancers have elevated levels of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR). This overexpression is correlated with a poor prognosis for patient survival. Ovarian cancers also express a number of sex steroid receptors. The androgen receptor (AR) is(More)
Epidermal growth factor (EGF) has been reported to stimulate the proliferation of epithelial cells and increase Na+ flux and Na+-K+-ATPase function in alveolar epithelial cell monolayers. Increases in Na+-K+-ATPase in alveolar type II cells (AT2) have been associated with increased active Na+ transport and lung edema clearance across the rat alveolar(More)
The estradiol (E2) to estriol (E3) ratio during human pregnancy depends on fetal liver hydroxylation of fetal adrenal dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS) and conversion by the trophoblast of DHEAS and 16 alpha-hydroxy-DHEAS (16 OH-DHEAS) to estrone (E1), estradiol (E2), and estriol (E3), respectively. It is not known whether the conversion of DHEAS into(More)
Epidermal growth factor receptors (EGF-R) were measured in adult male and female mouse primary hepatocyte cultures. On culture day 1, female hepatocytes had significantly fewer EGF-R than male hepatocytes (1.3 x 10(4) versus 6.2 x 10(5) per cell). Over the next three days, morphological changes consistent with progressive heptocyte dedifferentiation were(More)
Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) plays an important role in growth and differentiation. The human placenta expresses high levels of the receptor. In the placenta, as in many other human tissues, EGFR is encoded by two RNA transcripts of 5.8 kb and 10.5 kb. The placenta also expresses a putative truncated EGFR transcript of 1.8 kb, which encodes only(More)
OBJECTIVE To characterize the relative levels of the ErbB family of receptors and their relationship to one another in ovarian cancer. METHODS A total of 17 serous cystadenocarcinomas were analyzed for epidermal growth factor receptor (EGF-R or ErbB-1) and ErbB-2, ErbB-3, and ErbB-4 receptor expression by Western blot analysis. Receptor levels were(More)
The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) system has been implicated in the etiology of numerous cancers, including that of ovarian cancer. Elevated levels of EGFR are associated with poor patient prognosis. Moreover, a significant number of ovarian cancers express both the receptor and one of its ligands, suggesting an autocrine mechanism for autonomous(More)
Epidermal growth factor (EGF) binds specifically (Ka = 4 X 10(9) M-1; 1.3 X 10(11) receptors/mg cellular protein) to JEG-3 cells, which respond in the succeeding 24 h by a 400% increase in hCG secretion without a significant change in cell number. Since JEG-3 cells store less than 2% of the 24-h hCG secretion, a significant increase in hCG in the culture(More)
It has been suggested that fetal adrenal steroids affect the secretion of progesterone by the human trophoblast and decrease the progesterone/estrogen secretory ratio at the time of parturition. In the present study, cultured human choriocarcinoma JEG-3 cells were used as an experimental model in order to examine the effect of dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate(More)
Prostaglandin F (PGF) was measured in endometrial samples from eight women wearing Lippes Loops and 14 women wearing Progestaserts after 6 months' use of the intrauterine devices (IUDs). In addition, in 37 women wearing dydrogesterone-T IUDs, endometrial PGF was measured after 1 month, 3 to 7 months, and 8 to 12 months of use. Endometrial samples were also(More)