Learn More
Converging lines of evidence implicate the beta-amyloid peptide (Ass) as causative in Alzheimer's disease. We describe a novel class of compounds that reduce A beta production by functionally inhibiting gamma-secretase, the activity responsible for the carboxy-terminal cleavage required for A beta production. These molecules are active in both 293 HEK cells(More)
Proteolytic processing of the amyloid precursor protein (APP) generates amyloid beta (Abeta) peptide, which is thought to be causal for the pathology and subsequent cognitive decline in Alzheimer's disease. Cleavage by beta-secretase at the amino terminus of the Abeta peptide sequence, between residues 671 and 672 of APP, leads to the generation and(More)
Previous studies have shown that K562 chronic myelogenous leukemia cells are resistant to induction of apoptosis by a variety of agents, including the topoisomerase II (topo II) poison etoposide, when examined 4 to 24 hours after treatment with an initiating stimulus. In the present study, the responses of K562 cells and apoptosis-proficient HL-60 acute(More)
Recent genetic and biochemical studies have implicated cysteine-dependent aspartate-directed proteases (caspases) in the active phase of apoptosis. In the present study, three complementary techniques were utilized to follow caspase activation during the course of etoposide-induced apoptosis in HL-60 human leukemia cells. Immunoblotting revealed that levels(More)
The Ly-5 system of the mouse is expressed exclusively by hematopoietic cells and comprises a series of glycoprotein isoforms that typify different hematopoietic cell lineages. The 200-kDa isoform of T cells and the 220-kDa isoform of B cells are known to differ in peptide composition. The complete 1152 amino acid sequence of the 200-kDa isoform protein(More)
As a factor Xa inhibitor, antistasin is a potent anti-coagulant and anti-metastatic agent that is found in the salivary gland of the Mexican leech Haementaria officinalis. cDNA clones that encode antistasin have been isolated. Subsequent sequence analysis and comparison with the amino acid sequence of the mature protein indicates that antistasin is produced(More)
The L1 major capsid protein of human papillomavirus (HPV) type 11, a 55-kDa polypeptide, forms particulate structures resembling native virus with an average particle diameter of 50-60 nm when expressed in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. We show in this report that these virus-like particles (VLPs) interact with heparin and with cell-surface(More)
The antiviral characteristics of monoclonal antibody IAM-41-2F5 (2F5) were determined in cell culture. The antibody had been previously shown to bind a specific sequence, ELDKWA, within the external domain of the gp41 envelope glycoprotein human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1). Selection by 2F5 of recombinant phage from an epitope library confirmed(More)
The present studies compared caspase activation under cell-free conditions in vitro and in etoposide-treated HL-60 leukemia cells in situ. Immunoblotting revealed that incubation of HL-60 cytosol at 30 degrees C in the presence of cytochrome c and ATP (or dATP) resulted in activation of procaspases-3, -6, and -7 but not -2 and -8. Although similar(More)
The Fas/Fas ligand (FasL) pathway is widely involved in apoptotic cell death in lymphoid and nonlymphoid cells. It has recently been postulated that many chemotherapeutic agents also induce cell death by activating the Fas/FasL pathway. In the present study we compared apoptotic pathways induced by anti-Fas or chemotherapeutic agents in the Jurkat human(More)