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This abridged account of a report to the British Medical Research Council describes a long-term investigation of 1,503 subcapital fractures of the femur, almost all of which were treated by reduction and internal fixation. With three exceptions, union occurred in all Garden Stage I and Stage II fractures and in 67% of Stage III and Stage IV fractures, of(More)
The effect of CYP2D6 genotype on the dose-exposure relationship for atomoxetine has not been well characterized in children. Children 6-17 years of age diagnosed with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) were stratified by CYP2D6 genotype into groups with 0 (poor metabolizers [PMs], n = 4), 0.5 (intermediate metabolizers [IMs], n = 3), one(More)
Trichophyton tonsurans (TT) and Trichophyton equinum (TE) are two closely related dermatophytes with very different host preferences. This study was designed to examine the genetic and transcript level variations of secreted enzymes between TT and TE. Thirty-one genes representing 10 gene families were selected for comparison and complete genomic and cDNA(More)
Human development is described by the various anatomic and physiologic changes that occur as the single-celled zygote matures into an adult human being. Concomitant with bodily maturation are changes in the complex interactions between pharmacologic agents and the biologic matrix that is the human body. Profound changes in the manner by which drugs traverse(More)
OBJECTIVE Pupillometry has been used to assess pain intensity and response to analgesic medications in adults. The aim of this observational study was to explore proof of concept for the use of this technique in paediatric patients. Changes in pupil parameters before and after opioid exposure also were evaluated. DESIGN AND SETTING This was a(More)
Mycobacterium tuberculosis possesses a proteasome system that is required for the microbe to resist elimination by the host immune system. Despite the importance of the proteasome in the pathogenesis of tuberculosis, the molecular mechanisms by which proteasome activity is controlled remain largely unknown. Here, we demonstrate that the α-subunit (PrcA) of(More)
To date, implementation of precision medicine for children has been limited. Extrapolation of adult experience streamlines pediatric drug development programs, and physiologically based pharmacokinetic models aid pediatric dose selection on a population basis. To achieve clinically viable individualization of drug therapy, genotype-stratified(More)
Most haemophiliacs treated with non-virally inactivated concentrates have been infected with the hepatitis C virus (HCV). 19/21 (90%) patients with HCV antibody were found to have HCV RNA in their serum and in 16 of these it was also detected in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC). We used specific primers to detect the negative (replicative) strand(More)