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The effectiveness of two types of tonal cues for reducing frequency uncertainty was studied in a tonal detection-in-noise task. Signals varied at random from trial to trial over the range 750-3000 Hz. The three conditions included: (1) maximum uncertainty in which there were no cues; (2) minimal uncertainty in which "iconic cues" were identical to the(More)
A modification of the standard recursive Green’s function method for quantum transport through microstructures is presented which is based on the decomposition into separable substructures. The Green’s functions for these modules are joined by discretized Dyson equations. Nonseparable structures can thereby be calculated with the help of a few recursions(More)
The effect of vocal intensity on vocal efficiency (VE) for children as compared to adults is investigated, leading to the conclusion that children have different VE values than adults. Vocal efficiency was measured using a logarithmic form of the ratio of the acoustical power radiated from the lips to the aerodynamic power supplied to the glottis for voice(More)
Within the semiclassical theory of magnetotransport through ballistic cavities, fluctuations in the transmission amplitude and in the conductance originate from the Aharonov-Bohm phase of directed areas. We formulate the semiclassical transmission amplitude in gauge-invariant form. The gauge invariant phases can be visualized in terms of areas enclosed by(More)
We present a comparison between experiment and theory for the magnetoconductance autocorrelation function C(DB) for transport through a stadium-shaped ballistic microstructure. The correlation function displays damped oscillations which can be traced to the quantum interference between bundles of short trajectories. We present two different semiclassical(More)
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