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BACKGROUND Circulating endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) have been therapeutically applied to aid vascular repair and myocardial regeneration. The number of circulating EPCs also provides invaluable outcome prediction for fatal diseases such as acute lung injury (ALI) or acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). However, evidence for the therapeutic(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the secular trend in incidence of and mortality from Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) in Taiwan, 1999-2010. METHODS All 7,225 incident cases of T1DM were retrospectively retrieved from Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database from 1999 to 2010. Trend of bi-annual age- and sex-specific incidence rates of T1DM was calculated(More)
This study investigates the interactions between cyclooxygenase (COX-2) and vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) phenotypic switching, the two important coupling mechanisms of the vasculature on arterial remodeling in response to high laminal shear stress. High aortic blood flow was induced by creating a fistula in the abdominal aorta and the adjacent IVC of(More)
3-Hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase inhibitor (statins) is one of the most commonly prescribed agents for controlling hyperlipidemia. Apart from their lipid-lowering property, statins are well known for their pleiotropic effects, such as improvement of vascular endothelial dysfunction, attenuation of inflammatory responses,(More)
The perinatal implications of oligohydramnios prior to 37 weeks of gestation, in the absence of intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR), rupture of membranes or fetal anomalies, are unknown. We compared the outcomes of 65 women with oligohydramnios (amniotic fluid index ([AFI] < or = 8 cm) by sonography to those of a control group matched by sonogram(More)
In clinical practice, prolonged occlusion of main arteries causes accumulation of metabolic waste and lactate. Reperfusion of blood flow is usually accompanied by circulatory shock. This study investigates the molecular mechanisms responsible for acidosis-induced hypotension and proposes therapeutic strategies for improving hemodynamic stability following(More)
OBJECTIVE This study investigates the pathogenesis of arteriovenous (AV) fistula failure in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) and tests the vascular protective effect of rosuvastatin on the fistulous communication of diabetic rats. METHODS DM was induced in rats by a single injection of streptozotocin. One week later, a fistula was created in the(More)
Absent pulmonary valve syndrome (APVS) is an uncommon variant of tetralogy of Fallot (TOF), which manifests morphologically as vestigial pulmonary valve cusps at the right ventricle-pulmonary trunk junction. The aneurysmally dilated pulmonary arteries may compress the tracheobronchial tree and cause severe respiratory distress in the neonatal or infant(More)
Molecular mimicry between group A streptococcus and host antigens has important roles in the development of post-streptococcal sequelae, including glomerulonephritis and rheumatic heart disease (RHD). The etiology of RHD involves host cross-reactivity with M proteins and carbohydrate antigens. In this study, we show that anti-streptococcal pyrogenic(More)
Campylobacter jejuni infection is one of the most common bacterial causes of acute gastroenteritis worldwide. An extraintestinal manifestation is rare and, to our knowledge, an aortic aneurysm has until now never been documented. We report a case of a 72-year-old patient with a septic aortic pseudoaneurysm caused by C. jejuni infection. Computed tomography(More)