J T Parmelee

Learn More
The esophagus of the flounder, Pseudopleuronectes americanus, was studied to determine how salinity of ingested seawater (SW) is decreased before fluid absorption in the intestine. Drinking rate was 2.5 ml X h-1 X kg-1. Stomach fluid osmolality was 45% that of seawater, and intestinal fluid was isosmotic to plasma. Esophagus and stomach were nearly(More)
The effects of loop diuretics and ion substitution on the 2-min uptake of K (86Rb as marker) were analyzed to obtain evidence for K cotransport with Na and Cl in the choroid plexus epithelium. The isolated plexuses, which were excised from lateral ventricles of adult rats, were bathed in artificial cerebrospinal fluid (aCSF). At concentrations of 10(-6) to(More)
The objective of this study was to develop and evaluate a primary culture system for choroid plexus epithelial cells as an in vitro model for studying organic cation transport. Cells were dispersed from choroid plexus of neonatal rats by enzymatic digestion and grew as differentiated monolayers when plated on solid or permeable support. Electron microscopy(More)
Developmental maturation of K transport and Na+-K+-adenosinetriphosphatase (ATPase) function in the choroid plexus (CP) was investigated in infant rats. K fluxes (86Rb), Na+-K+-ATPase enzyme activities, and [3H]ouabain binding were measured in isolated, lateral CPs removed from anesthetized Sprague-Dawley rats of several ages ranging from 1 day to 6 wk.(More)
The choroid plexus (CP) has an important role in regulating ion concentrations in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). Maintenance of potassium concentration [( K]) in brain extracellular fluids lower than in serum is critical to proper neuronal function. We studied K (86Rb) transport by the isolated, lateral CP from infant and mature rats to determine the nature(More)
The uptake of [3H]choline from the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) side of the rat neonatal choroid plexus was characterized in primary cultures of the choroidal epithelium grown on solid supports. Cell-to-medium concentration ratios were approximately 5 at 1 min and as high as 70 at 30 min. Apical choline uptake was facilitated; the Km was approximately 50(More)
Cerebrospinal fluid formation stems primarily from the transport of Na and Cl in choroid plexus (CP). To characterize properties and modulation of choroidal transporters, we tested diuretics and other agents for ability to alter ion transport in vitro. Adult Sprague-Dawley rats were the source of CPs preincubated with drug for 20 min and then transferred to(More)
Oxidant injury to pulmonary vascular endothelium is an important factor in the pathogenesis of acute lung injury. Oxidant injury to other cell types has been reported to alter the function of Na-K-adenosinetriphophatase (ATPase) an enzyme important in maintenance of cellular ionic homeostasis and in transport of ions across biological membranes. We(More)
  • 1