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A number of polyunsaturated fatty acids have been shown to inhibit the growth of malignant cells in vitro. To investigate whether fatty acids modify the growth of human pancreatic cancer, lauric, stearic, palmitic, oleic, linoleic, alpha-linolenic, gamma-linolenic, arachidonic, docosahexaenoic and eicosapentaenoic (EPA) acids were each incubated with the(More)
There are currently no satisfactory treatments for inoperable pancreatic cancer. Median survivals for untreated patients are of the order of 100 days and, with one exception, no chemotherapy or radiotherapy regime has been found to produce a worthwhile extension of life with reasonably tolerable side effects. Gamma-linolenic acid (GLA) has been found to(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether resting energy expenditure (REE) is increased in cachectic patients with pancreatic cancer and to define the relation of tumor necrosis factor (TNF) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) production to the acute-phase response and to REE. METHODS Measurement of REE (indirect calorimetry) and assessment of body composition (bioelectrical(More)
Cachexia is common in patients with pancreatic cancer and has been associated with persistent activation of the hepatic acute phase response and increased energy expenditure. Fatty acids have been shown to have anticachectic effects in animal models and to reduce inflammatory mediators in healthy subjects and patients with chronic inflammatory disease.(More)
BACKGROUND Current methods to predict survival duration of patients with pancreatic cancer are limited. The aim of this study was to determine whether certain nutritional indices and the acute-phase protein response are prognostic factors independent of disease stage for patients with unresectable pancreatic cancer. METHODS Variables at the time of(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether suppression of albumin synthesis contributes to the hypoalbuminemia observed in weight-losing cancer patients with evidence of an ongoing acute-phase protein response (APPR). BACKGROUND DATA Proinflammatory cytokines such as tumor necrosis factor (TNF) and interleukin 6 (IL-6) are known to downregulate albumin synthesis and(More)
Two female patients underwent an uneventful laparoscopic chloecystectomy (LC) for cholelithiasis. Their past medical history was insignificant. The first patient had diclofenac sodium for her postoperative pain relief. Both patients returned in the early postoperative period with pain in the right hypochondrium. Laboratory investigations revealed elevated(More)
Patients with pancreatic cancer frequently develop the syndrome of cancer cachexia. Pro-inflammatory cytokines have been strongly implicated in the pathogenesis of this syndrome. In patients with pancreatic cancer an acute-phase response (an index of pro-inflammatory cytokine activity) is associated with accelerated weight loss, hypermetabolism, anorexia,(More)
1. Multi-frequency bio-impedance analysis has been used to estimate extracellular and total body water in a heterogeneous group of 43 surgical patients (23 males, 20 females). 2. Radioisotope-dilution methods were used for the measurement of extracellular and total body water. 3. Resistance and reactance were measured between wrist and ankle at frequencies(More)
OBJECTIVE The authors determined the effect of glutamine-supplementation of TPN on postoperative peripheral blood T-cell response and proinflammatory cytokine production in patients undergoing colorectal resection. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA Several vital tissues, including the immune system, are very dependent on glutamine; however, this amino acid, which(More)