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Modulation of the activity of the subthalamic nucleus (STN) using deep brain stimulation (DBS) in patients with advanced Parkinson's disease is the most common procedure performed today by functional neurosurgeons. The STN contours cannot be entirely identified on common 1.5T images; in particular, the ventromedial border of the STN often blends with the(More)
PURPOSE This work introduces a rigid registration framework for patient positioning in radiotherapy, based on real-time surface acquisition by a time-of-flight (ToF) camera. Dynamic properties of the system are also investigated for future gating/tracking strategies. METHODS A novel preregistration algorithm, based on translation and rotation-invariant(More)
Functional disorders of the brain, such as Parkinson's disease, dystonia, epilepsy, and neuropathic pain, may exhibit poor response to medical therapy. In such cases, surgical intervention may become necessary. Modern surgical approaches to such disorders include radio-frequency lesioning and deep brain stimulation (DBS). The subthalamic nucleus (STN) is(More)
PURPOSE To extend the application of current radiation therapy (RT) based tumor control probability (TCP) models of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) to include the effects of hypoxia and chemoradiotherapy (CRT). METHODS A TCP model is described based on the linear-quadratic model modified to account for repopulation, chemotherapy, heterogeneity of dose to(More)
CEST imaging is a recently introduced MRI contrast modality based on the use of endogenous or exogenous molecules whose exchangeable proton pools transfer saturated magnetization to bulk water, thus creating negative contrast. One of the critical issues for further development of these agents is represented by their limited sensitivity in vivo. The aim of(More)
This article illustrates some innovative applications of liposomes loaded with paramagnetic lanthanide-based complexes in MR molecular imaging field. When a relatively high amount of a Gd(III) chelate is encapsulated in the vesicle, the nanosystem can simultaneously affect both the longitudinal (R(1)) and the transverse (R(2)) relaxation rate of the bulk(More)
Spatial accuracy in extracranial radiosurgery is affected by organ motion. Motion tracking systems may be able to avoid PTV enlargement while preserving treatment times, however special attention is needed when fiducial markers are used to identify the target can move with respect to organs at risk (OARs). Ten patients treated by means of the Synchrony(More)
In this paper a novel technique is proposed and validated for radiosurgery treatment planning of arteriovenous malformations (AVMs). The technique was developed for frameless radiosurgery by means of the CyberKnife, a nonisocentric, linac-based system which allows highly conformed isodose surfaces to be obtained, while also being valid for other treatment(More)
Preprocessing, binning and dataset subsampling are investigated with regard to simultaneous maximisation of the speed, accuracy and robustness of CT-3D rotational angiography (3DRA) registration. Clinical diagnosis and treatment can both take advantage of this integration, because 3DRA allows the shape of vessel structures to be evaluated(More)