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In recent years a number of studies have implicated chronic inflammation in prostate carcinogenesis. However, mitigating factors of inflammation in the prostate are virtually unknown. Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) activity is associated with inflammation and is correlated with progression risk in prostate cancer (CaP). TLR4 ligands include bacterial cell wall(More)
The acetylating enzyme, spermidine/spermine N1-acetyltransferase, participates in polyamine homeostasis by regulating polyamine export and catabolism. Previously, we reported that overexpression of the enzyme in cultured tumor cells and mice activates metabolic flux through the polyamine pathway and depletes the N1-acetyltransferase coenzyme and fatty acid(More)
Pyruvate dehydrogenase complex (PDC) deficiency is an inborn metabolic disorder that causes neurological abnormalities. In this report, a murine model of PDC deficiency was analyzed using histology, magnetic resonance (MR) imaging and MR spectroscopy (MRS) and the results compared to PDC-deficient female patients. Histological analysis of brains from(More)
PURPOSE Combination chemotherapy with irinotecan (CPT-11; 50 mg/kg/week x 4 intravenously), followed 24 hour later by 5-fluorouracil (50 mg/kg/week x 4 intravenously), results in 10 and 100% cure rates of animals bearing human head and neck squamous cell carcinoma xenografts A253 and FaDu, respectively. A253 consists of 30% well-differentiated and avascular(More)
A clinically relevant photosensitizer, 3-devinyl-3-(1-hexyloxyethyl)pyropheophorbide-a (HPPH, a chlorophyll-a derivative), was conjugated with Gd(III)-aminobenzyl-diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (DTPA), an experimental magnetic resonance (MR) imaging agent. In vivo reflectance spectroscopy confirmed tumor uptake of HPPH-aminobenzyl-Gd(III)-DTPA conjugate(More)
Metabolic brain abnormalities, as demonstrated by (1)H-magnetic resonance spectroscopy, are common occurrences in adult schizophrenia. As mice share important biochemical and genomic similarities with humans, we tested whether brain metabolic abnormalities also occur in a transgenic mouse model of schizophrenia. In vivo(1)H-magnetic resonance spectroscopy(More)
PURPOSE Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a clinically approved treatment for a variety of solid malignancies. 5,6-Dimethylxanthenone-4-acetic acid (DMXAA) is a potent vascular targeting agent that has been shown to be effective against a variety of experimental rodent tumors and xenografts and is currently undergoing clinical evaluation. We have previously(More)
Computer simulations are used to design more hydrated bilayers, formed from amine-modified porphyrin-phospholipids (PoPs). Experiments confirm that the new constructs give rise to bilayers with greater water content. When chelated with manganese, amine-modified PoPs provide improved contrast for magnetic resonance and are safely used for imaging in vivo.
Intratumoral (IT) drug injections reduce systemic toxicity, but delivered volumes and distribution can be inconsistent. To improve IT delivery paradigms, porphyrin-phospholipid (PoP) liposomes are passively loaded with three hydrophilic cargos: sulforhodamine B, a fluorophore; gadolinium-gadopentetic acid, a magnetic resonance (MR) agent; and oxaliplatin, a(More)