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Split beams of varying separations from a helium-neon laser were directed through the crystalline lenses of a number of vertebrates. Photographs of the focal effects indicate the extent to which the refractive index variation of the lens and lens shape control spherical aberration. Of the fish studied, only rock bass lenses are relatively free of spherical(More)
Measurements of chromatic dispersion of aqueous and vitreous humors, cornea and lens of the eye are sparse and incomplete. The wavelength variation in refractive index of the ocular media of cow, pig, frog (Rana pipiens), chicken, rock bass (Ambloplites rupestris), albino rat and cat as well as human lenses was determined by means of Abbe and Pulfrich(More)
The shape and focal properties (spherical aberration) of the ocular lens of hatchling, yearling and adult clearnose skates (Raja eglanteria) were examined. In contrast to the spherical shape of the typical teleost lens, the lens of the clearnose skate is slightly aspherical; equatorial diameter being greater than axial diameter. The asphericity is(More)
Light-weight translucent plastic goggles with convex or concave rigid contact lens inserts were applied unilaterally to the eyes of young chicks. Convex and concave cylindrical lenses produced astigmatic refractive errors. The magnitude of the induced astigmatism was less than that of the inducing lens and varied with axis orientation. Decreased aperture(More)
A recent study involving Abbe and Pulfrich refractometry analyses the dispersion of the human lens and the ocular media of a number of vertebrates. In general, the lens and, to a lesser extent, the cornea, are more dispersive than expected at wavelengths below 500 nm. The dispersion findings of this study were used in conjunction with reduced eye parameters(More)
Substantial amounts of myopia can be induced in chicks by depriving the eye of clear vision for a period of 2 weeks after hatching. Previous work has primarily involved unilateral visual deprivation. Experiments described here include bilateral visual deprivation involving an opaque goggle over one eye and a translucent goggle over the other. The results(More)
Application of a translucent goggle over the chick eye on the first day after hatching led to the development of myopia. By the 14th day, the mean refractive error was about -10.0 D. Significant increases in axial and equatorial diameters were observed when the treated eyes were compared with untreated contralateral eyes. The lens did not appear to be(More)