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Dengue is endemic in most parts of the tropics including India. So far, complete genome information for Indian dengue isolates is not available. In the present study, we characterized the genome of three dengue type 3 viruses isolated from India. The genomes of all three viruses were found to be 10,707 bp long with an ORF encoding 3390 aa. Extensive(More)
The recent emergence of the swine-origin influenza A H1N1 virus (S-OIV) poses a serious global health threat. Rapid detection and differentiation of S-OIV from seasonal influenza is crucial for patient management and control of the epidemics. A one-step, single-tube accelerated and quantitative S-OIV-specific H1 reverse transcription loop-mediated(More)
BACKGROUND Dexamethasone (DEX) is demonstrated to have anti-inflammatory properties and known to induce hemodynamic improvement in sepsis and septic shock. L-arginine (L-arg), a semi-essential amino acid, depending on its metabolic pathway, becomes very essential in stress situations such as heatstroke, burns, sepsis, trauma, and wound healing. The aim of(More)
Plants of Brassica campestris L. var. G-S20 were treated with cement dust, at rates of 3 (B(1)), 5 (B(2)) and 7 (B(3)) gm(-2) day(-1) for 90 days. Treated plants showed a consistent reduction in growth, photosynthetic pigments, yield and oil content over control plants. The overall phytomass of treated plants was significantly decreased, the maximum(More)
BACKGROUND Uveitis is increasingly being reported from south India following epidemics of leptospirosis. The incidence of eye involvement in treated patients has not been investigated properly in prospective studies. AIMS To determine the incidence, clinical spectrum and risk factors for Leptospiral uveitis in antibiotic-treated patients. SETTINGS AND(More)
The distribution of hemoglobin E (alpha2beta2 26Glu (R)Lys ) is mostly restricted to Northeastern India. While evaluating the patients of jaundice, we came across two cases of hemoglobin E (Hb E) disorders. The first case is in a 22-year-old Bengali male and the second case of Hb E/beta thalassemia in a 5-year-old Hindu boy. The family study revealed Hb E(More)
Chikungunya is one of the most important emerging arboviral infections of public health significance. Due to lack of a licensed vaccine, rapid diagnosis plays an important role in early management of patients. In this study, a QC-RT-PCR assay was developed to quantify Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) RNA by targeting the conserved region of E1 gene. A competitor(More)
The electrostatic attraction between the negatively charged components of cancer cells and the positively charged anticancer peptides (ACPs) is believed to play a role in selective disruption of cancer cell membrane. Since arginine (Arg), a cationic amino acid is the most prevalent in these ACPs; we hypothesized that Arg when delivered in saline environment(More)
The resurgence of chikungunya (CHIK) in the form of unprecedented explosive epidemic after a gap of 3 decades in India and Indian Ocean islands is a point of major public health concern. The laboratory diagnosis is essentially based on virus isolation, IgM ELISA, and reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Although PCR-based methods are(More)
The aim of the present study was to investigate the protective efficacy of l-arginine in mitigating the injury induced by 2 Gy of total-body gamma radiation (TBI). Mice exposed to radiation (TBI group) had significantly decreased spleen weight, splenocyte numbers and bone marrow cellularity. Administration of l-arginine 2 h after TBI (TBI + l-arginine(More)