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Vacant land is a significant economic problem for many cities, but also may affect the health and safety of residents. In order for community-based solutions to vacant land to be accepted by target populations, community members should be engaged in identifying local health impacts and generating solutions. We conducted 50 in-depth semi-structured(More)
BACKGROUND Poor voice quality due to a voice disorder can lead to a reduced quality of life. In occupations where voice use is substantial it can lead to periods of absence from work. OBJECTIVES To evaluate the effectiveness of interventions to prevent voice disorders in adults. SEARCH STRATEGY We searched MEDLINE (PubMed, 1950 to 2006), EMBASE (1974 to(More)
IMPORTANCE Socioeconomic and behavioral factors can negatively influence posthospital outcomes among patients of low socioeconomic status (SES). Traditional hospital personnel often lack the time, skills, and community linkages required to address these factors. OBJECTIVE To determine whether a tailored community health worker (CHW) intervention would(More)
BACKGROUND Poor voice quality due to functional dysphonia can lead to a reduced quality of life. In occupations where voice use is substantial it can lead to a loss of employment. OBJECTIVES To evaluate the effectiveness of interventions to treat functional dysphonia in adults. SEARCH STRATEGY We searched MEDLINE (PubMed, 1950 to 2006), EMBASE (1974 to(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with low socioeconomic status (low-SES) are at risk for poor outcomes during the post-hospital transition. Few prior studies explore perceived reasons for poor outcomes from the perspectives of these high-risk patients. OBJECTIVE We explored low-SES patients' perceptions of hospitalization, discharge and post-hospital transition in(More)
Six criteria described in the New Zealand Misuse of Drugs Act and used by the Expert Advisory Committee on Drugs (EACD) for determining the risk of a drug to public health were examined in relation to ethanol, using gamma-hydroxybutyric acid (GHB) as a comparator drug. GHB is an ideal candidate for use as a comparator because it is a sedative substance very(More)
BACKGROUND An accurate prevalence estimate for opioid dependence in New Zealand, and hence the extent of unmet treatment need, is lacking. METHODS Opioid users were recruited via snowball sampling, with participants initially recruited from opioid substitution treatment (OST) services and dedicated needle exchanges in Auckland, Tauranga and Christchurch.(More)