J. Scott Yaruss

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In this paper, we present an annotation scheme for disfluencies. Unlike previous schemes, this scheme allows complex disfluen-cies with multiple backtracking points to be annotated, which are common in stuttered speech. The scheme specifies each disfluency in terms of word-level annotations, thus making the scheme useful for building sophisticated language(More)
We present computer tools to help speech-language pathologists (SLP) in counting disfluencies, for both real-time and transcript-based counts. The latter tend to be more precise and show which words are involved in each disfluency. Our approach allows real-time counts to be used as the basis for transcript-based counts. We employ automatic speech(More)
In previous work, we presented an annotation scheme that can describe complex disfluencies. In this paper, we first show the prevalence of complex disfluencies and illustrate the types of distinctions that our scheme allows. Second, we present an annotation tool that allows the scheme to be easily applied. Third, we present the results of a reliability(More)
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