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The second-order rate constant (k4) for the oxidation of a series of aromatic donor molecules (monosubstituted phenols and anilines) by horseradish peroxidase (HRP) compound II was examined with a stopped-flow apparatus. The electronic states of these substrates were calculated by an ab initio molecular orbital method. It was found that in both phenols and(More)
Interaction of an iodide ion with lactoperoxidase was studied by the use of 1H NMR, 127I NMR, and optical difference spectrum techniques. 1H NMR spectra demonstrated that a major broad hyperfine-shifted signal at about 60 ppm, which is ascribed to the heme peripheral methyl protons, was shifted toward high field by adding KI, indicating the binding of(More)
Binding of an iodide ion to horseradish peroxidase was studied by following the hyperfine-shifted proton nuclear magnetic resonance signals of the enzyme. For the enzyme in an iodide-free solution, the spectra of hyperfine-shifted methyl region were only slightly affected by varying pH. In the presence of iodide (200 mM), however, both chemical shifts and(More)
The geometry of hydrogen donor molecules bound to horseradish peroxidase was investigated using nuclear magnetic resonance techniques. Between resorcinol and 2-methoxy-4-methylphenol which showed different optical difference spectra, little difference was observed in the orientation of the molecules bound to horseradish peroxidase: the minimal distances(More)
On the basis of optical difference spectra, lactoperoxidase (LPO) was shown to form a 1:1 complex with aromatic donor molecules: resorcinol, hydroquinone, phenol, p-cresol, guaiacol, aniline, and benzohydroxamic acid. As compared with horseradish peroxidase (HRP), the values of the dissociation constant, Kd, of LPO-donor complexes were found to be(More)
The effects of methanol, acetone, and ethylene glycol (up to 50% v/v) on elementary steps in the reactions of horseradish peroxidase (HRP) and lactoperoxidase (LPO) were studied by means of the stopped-flow method and the difference spectrum. The rate constant (k3,app) of the oxidation reaction of p-cresol with HRP compound II was remarkably reduced in the(More)
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