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Extracts of nine species of plants traditionally used in Colombia for the treatment of a variety of diseases were tested in vitro for their potential antitumor (cytotoxicity) and antiherpetic activity. MTT (Tetrazolium blue) and Neutral Red colorimetric assays were used to evaluate the reduction of viability of cell cultures in presence and absence of the(More)
Steroids from Solanum nudum (SNs) have demonstrated antiplasmodial activity against erythrocytic stages of the Plasmodium falciparum strain FCB-2. It is well known that steroids can alter the membrane function of erythrocytes. Thus, we assessed alterations in the membranes of uninfected red blood cells, the parasite invasiveness and the solute-induced lysis(More)
The levels of native fungitoxic perinaphthenone phytoalexins in susceptible Musa varieties (banana), which are commercially grown in large plantations, are too low to provide plants with long-lasting protection against highly pathogenic fungi. Novel strategies for plant protection are necessary to reduce crop losses and to prevent the development of(More)
Two new coumarin compounds (1 and 2), phebalosin (3), its derived artifact murralongin (4), and murrangatin acetonide (5) were isolated from the leaves of Galipea panamensis. The structures of 1 and 2 were assigned as 7-{[(2R*)-3,3-dimethyloxiran-2-yl]methoxy}-8-[(2R*,3R*)-3-isopropenyloxiran-2-yl]-2H-chromen-2-one and(More)
Steroids isolated from the plant Solanum nudum showed antiplasmodial activity against the blood stages of Plasmodium falciparum. It has been demonstrated that these steroids are neither mutagenic in vitro nor clastogenic in vivo. This study evaluated the effect of five steroids of S. nudum (SN-1, SN-2, SN-3, SN-4 and SN-5) on hepatic trophozoites of P.(More)
Diosgenone is a major component of the hexane extract from the plant Solanum nudum (Solanaceae). The products from degraded and acetylated diosgenone that showed in vitro antimalarial activity against the FCB-2 strain of Plasmodium falciparum and methanol, dichloromethane and ethereal extracts of Solanum nudum were tested for their mutagenic activity using(More)
We describe herein the isolation and semisynthesis of four acetogenin derivatives (1-4) as well as their ability to inhibit the mitochondrial respiratory chain and several tumor cell lines. In addition, four nanoseconds (ns) of MD simulation of compound 4, in a fully hydrated POPC bilayer, is reported.
In this study, hybrids 7–12 and 19–24 were synthesized via Williamson reaction of O-Quinaldine alkyl bromide plus eugenol and O-triclosan alkyl bromide plus 8-hydroxyquinaldine, respectively. Structures of the products were elucidated by spectroscopic analysis. The compounds synthesized were evaluated for antileishmanial activity against L. panamensis(More)
A new 10-keto bis-tetrahydrofuran acetogenin, guanacone (1), has been isolated from a cytotoxic extract of Annona aff. spraguei seeds. The 10-oximeguanacone derivative 1f is the first bioactive nitrogenated acetogenin found to be a very potent inhibitor of complex I. In addition, a SAR study of guanacone analogues is reported based on the titration of the(More)
The antitumoral activity of a series of acetylated bis-tetrahydrofuranic acetogenins with a threo/trans/threo/trans/erythro relative configuration was characterized by four new natural and two semisynthetic, 15,24,30-trioxygenated acetogenins that were found to inhibit mitochondrial complex I enzyme as well as growth of several tumor cell lines. Placement(More)