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The contribution of nitric oxide (NO) to the antinatriuresis and antidiuresis caused by low-level electrical stimulation of the renal sympathetic nerves (RNS) was investigated in rats anaesthetized with chloralose-urethane. Groups of rats, n= 6, were given i.v. infusions of vehicle, l-NAME (10 microg kg(-1) min(-1)), 1400W (20 microg kg(-1) min(-1)), or(More)
Recent studies have shown that the renal CYP450 (cytochrome P450) metabolites of AA (arachidonic acid), the vasoconstrictor 20-HETE (20-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid) and the vasodilator EETs (epoxyeicosatrienoic acids), play an important role in the pathophysiology of AngII (angiotensin II)-dependent forms of hypertension and the associated target organ(More)
A novel method of renal denervation was developed based on electro-coagulation of tissue containing most of the sympathetic fibres travelling towards the kidney. Kidney tissue noradrenaline was decreased to 4.7 % of the content measured in the contralateral innervated kidney when studied 3 days postdenervation. The method was utilised in anaesthetised rats(More)
AIM Adenosine-5'-triphosphate (ATP) affects intrarenal vascular tone and tubular transport via P2 receptors; however, the actual role of the system in regulation of renal perfusion and excretion remains unclear and is the subject of this whole-kidney study. METHODS Effects of suprarenal aortic ATP infusion, 0.6-1.2 mg kg(-1) h(-1), were examined in(More)
The aim of the present study was to test the hypothesis that chronic hypoxia would aggravate hypertension in Ren-2 transgenic rats (TGR), a well-defined monogenetic model of hypertension with increased activity of endogenous renin-angiotensin system (RAS). Systolic blood pressure (SBP) in conscious rats and mean arterial pressure (MAP) in anesthetized TGR(More)
Angiotensin II (Ang II) fails to constrict renal medullary vasculature, possibly due to the counteraction of local vasodilators, such as prostaglandins or nitric oxide (NO). The effects of exogenous Ang II on intrarenal circulation were determined in anaesthetised rats that were untreated or pretreated with indomethacin (Indo) or L-NAME. The total renal(More)
We calculate spin relaxation times due to spin-orbit-mediated electron-phonon interactions for experimentally accessible semiconductor quantum ring and dot architectures. We elucidate the differences between the two systems due to different confinement. The estimated relaxation times (at B = 1 T) are in the range between a few milliseconds to a few seconds.(More)
AIM The purpose of this study was to examine how focusing attention during nine weeks of plyometric training influence jumping performance. It was hypothesized that participants utilizing an external focus of attention during practice would produce greater improvements in jumping behavior compared to participants practicing in the internal and control(More)
1. The aim of the present study was to test the hypothesis that increasing kidney tissue concentrations of epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs) by preventing their degradation to the biologically inactive dihydroxyeicosatrienoic acids (DHETEs) using blockade of soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) would attenuate the progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD). 2.(More)
BACKGROUND In the kidney, adenosine (ADO) can induce either vasoconstriction or vasodilatation, mediated by A1 or A2 receptors, respectively. The vasodilator influence may be of special importance in the renal medulla which operates at low tissue pO(2) levels and is susceptible to ischaemic damage. It has not been established if ADO induced vasodilatation(More)