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Healthy adult volunteers were inoculated intranasally with human parvovirus obtained from an asymptomatic blood donor. One week after inoculation, intense viremia was observed in seronegative volunteers, accompanied by a mild illness with pyrexia, malaise, myalgia, itching, and excretion of virus from the respiratory tract. In the following week hematologic(More)
The study reported here examined the effects of experimentally induced minor illnesses (colds and influenza) on the efficiency of human performance. Influenza impaired the ability to detect and respond quickly to stimuli appearing at irregular intervals, but had no effect on a task requiring hand-eye coordination. In contrast to this, colds impaired(More)
In two studies experimentally induced colds slowed the speed of response in a serial reaction task. Responding was also slower during the incubation period of the illness, which shows that performance on such a task may be used to predict subsequent illness. Volunteers who had no significant clinical illness, but who had a significant rise in IgG following(More)
Infection of normal individuals with human parvovirus (B19) results in a mild disease (erythema infectiosum) but gives rise to aplastic crises in patients with chronic hemolytic anemias. The effects of this disease on hemopoiesis were investigated following intranasal inoculation of the virus into three volunteers. A typical disease ensued with a viremia(More)
The first test of intranasal recombinant human interferon-beta ser (IFN-beta ser) as prophylaxis against common colds is reported. IFN-beta ser was cleared from the nose like IFN-alpha. A total of 10 volunteers were each given a total of 2.6 X 10(7) units of IFN-beta ser as 13 doses administered three times daily over 4 days and there were negligible(More)
Purified lymphoblastoid interferon (HuIFN-alpha) or placebo was self-administered intranasally by volunteers using a spray device three times daily for four and one-third days beginning one day before virus challenge. Each subject received a total dose of 35.1 Mu of interferon (IFN) administered in 13 equal doses of 2.7 Mu. Doses were administered in a(More)
The initial prophylactic and therapeutic trials of ICI 130,685 against influenza A virus infection are reported. Prophylaxis with either 200 mg/day (38 volunteers received drug and 40 received placebo) or 100 mg/day (28 volunteers received drug and 28 received placebo) for seven days significantly reduced illness, mean clinical score and nasal secretion(More)
Studies of experimentally induced respiratory infections and illnesses showed that influenza impaired performance on a visual search task but had no effect on a simple motor task, whereas colds impaired the motor task but not the search task. The effect of influenza on the search task was observed in both volunteers with significant clinical symptoms and(More)
Ro 09-0415, a phosphorylated 'pro-drug' of the potent antirhinovirus compound, 4' ethoxy-2'-hydroxy-4, 6' dimethoxy-chalcone (Ro 09-0410) was tested in a double-blind placebo-controlled trial for its protective effect against experimental rhinovirus infection. The maximum dose, 1200 mg bd, based on considerations of practicality and tolerance was given(More)
The rate at which interferon is cleared from the nose after local administration was measured in volunteers both before and after challenge with virulent strains of human rhinovirus. Interferon was not cleared more rapidly after virus challenge, and there was no relationship between the amount of nasal secretion produced after challenge, and the rate of(More)