J S Smith

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Parkinson's Disease (PD) is characterized by a selective loss of nigrostriatal dopaminergic neurons that results in a marked reduction of dopaminergic nerve terminals in the striatum. Recently, 11C-WIN 35,428, a cocaine analogue that specifically labels the dopamine transporter, was developed and can be used to label dopaminergic nerve terminals in vivo by(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of this report is to correlate the clinical outcome of neurosurgery for obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) with regional cerebral glucose metabolic changes. CLINICAL PICTURE The patient was a 37-year-old female patient with severe and intractable OCD. TREATMENT The patient was treated with bilateral stereotactic lesions in the(More)
Two patients are reported, one with severe brain damage and epilepsy, and the other with limbic epilepsy, who were treated with unilateral microsurgical amygdalo-hippocampectomy for the control of rage and aggression. Both had significant improvement in their aggressiveness, and the second patient also improved in the frequency of his seizures and psychotic(More)
An Insect Activity Monitor was created to measure the behavioural responses of fleas (Siphonaptera). The apparatus allows for a range of visual, chemo- and mechanoreceptor cues to be presented. The jumping response is detected by counting amplified pulses produced as the fleas land on a stretched membrane held over a microphone. Horizontal movements are(More)
Between February 1983 and August 1986, 53 patients underwent inpatient evaluation at the Neuropsychiatric Institute, Prince Henry Hospital to determine their suitability for epilepsy surgery. The patients were first continuously monitored with a video camera during surface and sphenoidal electrode telemetry. During this phase, clinical, radiological,(More)
Forty-three patients received an open prefrontal leucotomy for severe and intractable psychiatric illnesses. As a result of the operation three patients died, three developed personality changes and one had repeated grand-mal seizures. Of the 40 patients followed up for six months, 57-5% showed marked improvement in their clinical state and 30-0% mild to(More)
The limbic system and its connections provide the neural basis for aggressive behaviour. Violent individuals may differ quantitively or qualitively from normal. Many of the latter suffer from epilepsy. In some the epileptiform discharges from the amygdala can only be recorded using depth electrodes. It can be taken that the control of abnormal degrees of(More)
A procedure is described which allowed discrete lesions to be placed in the frontal lobes and paracingulate white matter through chronically implanted intracerebral electrodes for the treatment of a severe and intractable anxiety state. This procedure enabled progressive treatment on an outpatient basis over a period of weeks so that the amount of treatment(More)
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