J. S. Slusky

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We report a study of the low temperature bulk magnetic properties of the spin ice compound Dy 2 Ti 2 O 7 with particular attention to the (TϽ4 K) spin freezing transition. While this transition is superficially similar to that in a spin glass, there are important qualitative differences from spin glass behavior: the freezing temperature increases slightly(More)
The large degeneracy of states resulting from the geometrical frustration of competing interactions is an essential ingredient of important problems in fields as diverse as magnetism, protein folding and neural networks. As first explained by Pauling, geometrical frustration of proton positions is also responsible for the unusual low-temperature(More)
First-principles calculations of the electronic band structure and lattice dynamics for the new superconductor MgB (2) are carried out and found to be in excellent agreement with our inelastic neutron scattering measurements. The numerical results reveal that the E(2g) in-plane boron phonons near the zone center are very anharmonic and strongly coupled to(More)
The discovery of superconductivity at 39 K in magnesium diboride, MgB2, raises many issues, a critical one being whether this material resembles a high-temperature copper oxide superconductor or a low-temperature metallic superconductor in terms of its behaviour in strong magnetic fields. Although the copper oxides exhibit very high transition temperatures,(More)
The interplay of magnetic interactions, the dimensionality of the crystal structure and electronic correlations in producing superconductivity is one of the dominant themes in the study of the electronic properties of complex materials. Although magnetic interactions and two-dimensional structures were long thought to be detrimental to the formation of a(More)
We have studied spin relaxation in the spin ice compound Dy2Ti2O7 through measurements of the ac magnetic susceptibility. While the characteristic spin-relaxation time (tau) is thermally activated at high temperatures, it becomes almost temperature independent below T(cross) approximately 13 K. This behavior, combined with nonmonotonic magnetic field(More)
We have studied the low-temperature ac magnetic susceptibility of the diluted spin ice compound Dy 2−x M x Ti 2 O 7 , where the magnetic Dy ions on the frustrated pyrochlore lattice have been replaced with nonmagnetic ions, M = Y or Lu. We examine a broad range of dilutions, 0 ഛ x ഛ 1.98, and we find that the T ϳ 16 K freezing is suppressed for low levels(More)
The basic magnetic and electronic properties of most binary compounds have been well known for decades. The recent discovery of superconductivity at 39 K in the simple binary ceramic compound magnesium diboride, MgB2, was therefore surprising. Indeed, this material has been known and structurally characterized since the mid 1950s (ref. 2), and is readily(More)
The discovery of superconductivity at 39 K in magnesium diboride offers the possibility of a new class of low-cost, high-performance superconducting materials for magnets and electronic applications. This compound has twice the transition temperature of Nb3Sn and four times that of Nb-Ti alloy, and the vital prerequisite of strongly linked current flow has(More)
We report changes in the magnetic properties of hole-doped SCGO, SrCr8Ga4O19, induced by replacing non-magnetic Ga3+ with both non-magnetic (Mg2+ and Zn2+) and magnetic (Cu2+) cations. The resulting solid solutions, SrCr(8)Ga(4-x)M(x)O(19) (M = Zn, Mg, Cu) have been studied by x-ray diffraction and magnetic susceptibility measurements. For all cases, at(More)
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