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The recently established virus family Flaviviridae contains at least 68 recognized members. Sixty-six of these viruses were tested by cross-neutralization in cell cultures. Flaviviruses were separated into eight complexes [tick-borne encephalitis (12 viruses), Rio Bravo (six), Japanese encephalitis (10), Tyuleniy (three), Ntaya (five), Uganda S (four),(More)
Fusion between purified [3H]uridine-labelled West Nile virus (WNV) particles and liposomes containing RNase, was assayed by degradation of the viral RNA to trichloroacetic acid-soluble material. Fusion of virus with liposomes containing phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylethanolamine, sphingomyelin and cholesterol (at a molar ratio of 1:1:1:1.5) was found to(More)
Interactions between animal viruses and antiviral antisera may exceptionally result in an apparent increase in viral infectivity. Halstead and coworkers demonstrated enhanced replication of dengue virus (a Flavivirus, family Togaviridae) in human or simian peripheral blood leucocytes carrying Fc receptors at subneutralising concentrations of antidengue(More)
Evidence is presented that M phi complement receptors (CR3) mediate IgM-dependent enhancement of flavivirus replication in the presence of complement. Enhancement is blocked by pretreatment of macrophages with monoclonal antibody Ml/70, which inhibits CR3 binding, but not by pretreatment with monoclonal antibody 2.4G2, which inhibits FcR binding.
Flaviviruses, when complexed with antibody at subneutralizing concentrations, show enhanced replication in human and simian peripheral blood leukocytes (ref. 1, and J.S.M.P. and J.S.P., unpublished observations) and in P388 D1 and other macrophage cell lines. A comparable phenomenon has been demonstrated with alphaviruses and Bunyaviruses in P388 D1 cells,(More)
Despite the considerable research that has been carried out into viral neutralization by antiviral antibody, its mechanisms remain poorly understood. Cases have been reported in which antiviral antibody can inhibit viral replication without inhibiting the binding and uptake of virus by susceptible cells. It has been shown that many enveloped viruses enter(More)
Bone-marrow aspirates from 5 patients with recent episodes of multiple sclerosis (M.S.) contained increased numbers of plasma cells, and aspirates from 3 of these patients contained atypical reticulum cells. When bone-marrow from 4 of the patients was inoculated into cell cultures a cytopathic effect (C.P.E.) was observed, and this effect could be serially(More)
  • D R D Guedes, M H S Paiva, M M A Donato, P P Barbosa, L Krokovsky, S W Dos +71 others
  • 2016
Zika virus (ZIKV) is a flavivirus that has recently been associated with increased incidence of neonatal microcephaly and other neurological disorders. The virus is primarily transmitted by mosquito bite, although other routes of infection have been implicated in some cases. The Aedes aegypti mosquito is considered to be the main vector to humans worldwide,(More)
SUMMARY Nodamura virus multiplied in mosquito cell lines, as determined by infectivi-vity assays in adult honey bees (Apis mellifera) and wax moth larvae (Galleria mel-lonella). Titres of more than Io 7 and io ~ bee LDs0/ml were obtained in culture fluids of Aedes albopictus and Aedes aegypti cells respectively after IO days. Comparable titres were obtained(More)
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