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In recent studies we have demonstrated a marked increase in albumin permeation of new vessels formed by angiogenesis (in subcutaneous tissue) in the diabetic milieu. Likewise, lysyl oxidase-mediated collagen cross-linking is markedly increased in the scar tissue associated with angiogenesis. The present studies were undertaken to determine whether sorbinil,(More)
The effects of castration on diabetes-induced increases in collagen cross-linking and vascular permeability and on polyol levels in new granulation tissue formed after induction of streptozocin (STZ) diabetes were examined in male Sprague-Dawley rats. New granulation tissue formation was induced by implanting sterile polyester fabric subcutaneously (s.c.)(More)
125I-bovine serum albumin (BSA) permeation of the vasculature of 3-wk-old granulation tissue (induced by subcutaneous implantation of polyester fabric) formed in the diabetic milieu was assessed in female BB/W, spontaneously diabetic rats and in male, Sprague-Dawley rats with streptozocin-induced diabetes as well as in corresponding nondiabetic controls.(More)
This study was undertaken to determine whether diabetes alters the viscoelastic properties of erythrocytes. The oldest and youngest 10% fractions of circulating red cells were separated by centrifugation of freshly drawn blood obtained from ten diabetics with disease of one to 20 years' duration and from an equal number of age- and sex-matched control(More)
These studies were undertaken to investigate the relationship between regional hemodynamic and hemorheological changes in the microvasculature of diabetic rats. Diabetes was induced in male Sprague-Dawley rats by injection of streptozotocin (55 mg/kg body wt). Control rats were injected with vehicle (sodium citrate buffer). A subgroup of diabetic rats was(More)
The present study was designed to further the characterization of age-related changes in the deformability of human erythrocytes. The top (approximately young) and bottom (approximately old) 10% fractions of density-separated red cells from ten normal donors were subjected to graded levels of shear stress in a rheoscope. Measurements were made of(More)
Infusion of atriopeptin into humans and animals induces diuresis, natriuresis, hemodynamic changes, and an increase in arterial hematocrit. The objective of the present study was to elucidate the mechanism(s) responsible for the increase in hematocrit in rats given atriopeptin-24 (AP-24). Infusion of AP-24 for 30 minutes increased large vessel and total(More)
A new method is described for assessing changes in vascular permeation by albumin in multiple tissues of the same animal in response to intravascular injection of vasoactive agents. Following intravenous injection of 51Cr-RBC, 125I-BSA, and 57Co-EDTA, a test substance (i.e., histamine) is injected intravascularly or subcutaneously. Eight minutes later(More)
In a recently developed animal model, we investigated the pathogenesis of diabetic vascular disease and demonstrated that 125I-albumin permeation is markedly increased in new "granulation tissue" vessels formed in subcutaneous tissue after the onset of diabetes. The studies described in this report were undertaken to examine the effects of an aldose(More)
In the studies reported here, we examined the role of calcium in the maturation of the human malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum, and in the loss of red cell deformability associated with parasite maturation. P. falciparum alters the permeability of its host red cell, which normally maintains submicromolar cytoplasmic concentrations of calcium. Infection(More)