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This study used flow cytometry to determine the peripheral blood lymphocyte subsets and a sandwich enzyme immunoassay to measure the plasma levels of interleukin-2 (IL-2) and soluble IL-2 receptor (sIL-2R) in 34 patients in different stages of recurrent aphthous ulcers (RAU) and in 32 age/sex-matched normal control subjects. In the exacerbation stage of(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE In our previous study, positive p53 staining was observed in 47 of 81 (58%) cases of oral squamous cell carcinoma associated with areca quid (AQ) chewing and cigarette smoking. This study looked for expression of p53 protein in premalignant oral lesions in patients who chewed AQ or smoked cigarettes, or both. METHODS Expression of(More)
To test whether the oral epithelia of oral submucous fibrosis (OSF), epithelial hyperkeratosis (EH) and epithelial dysplasia (ED) may have increased proliferative activity under the long-term exposure to areca quid ingredients and whether there is an increased expression of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) in oral premalignant lesions with disease(More)
BACKGROUND Transforming growth factor-alpha (TGF-alpha) is expressed in both normal and malignant epithelial cells. Although the expression of TGF-alpha has been extensively studied in some human epithelial neoplasms, its expression in adenoid cystic carcinomas (ACCs) of the salivary gland has not been reported. METHODS This study used an(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies showed that antiepithelial cell antibodies (anti-ECA) were present in 71% (15/21) of patients with recurrent oral ulcers (ROU) and that there was a strong association of human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-DRw9 with ROU in Chinese patients. In this study, we assessed anti-ECA in a larger group of Chinese patients with ROU (n = 88) in(More)
This study used an immunohistochemical technique to assess the expression of epidermal growth factor (EGF) in 40 specimens of salivary adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC), 7 specimens of labial glands adjacent to mucocele, and 5 specimens of normal submandibular glands. In normal submandibular glands, immunohistochemically detectable EGF was demonstrated in all(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE During skeletal development and bone remodeling, bone marrow stromal cells give rise to osteoblasts and provide a critical microenvironment to support osteoclast formation. Estrogen is important for the maintenance of bone balance in adult animals by either increasing bone mass or inhibiting osteoclastic bone resorption. This study(More)
Primary anti-trinitrophenyl antibody production was investigated from spleen cells of mice immunized with trinitrophenylated-keyhole limpet hemocyanin, using the plaque-forming cell method and ELISA. Cells taken 5 days after antigen injection do not produce IgE, but do produce IgM and IgG1 anti-trinitrophenyl antibodies as demonstrated by plaque-forming(More)
BACKGROUND Continuous calcitonin (CT) treatment for bone diseases associated with increased bone resorption may be followed by prolonged depression of osteoclast response to CT. The mechanisms of this "escape" phenomenon remain unclear. METHODS We examined the effects of continuous CT treatment on cell formation, calcitonin receptor (CTR) expression,(More)
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