J. S. Lerman

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BACKGROUND Emergence delirium has been investigated in several clinical trials. However, no reliable and valid rating scale exists to measure this phenomenon in children. Therefore, the authors developed and evaluated the Pediatric Anesthesia Emergence Delirium (PAED) scale to measure emergence delirium in children. METHODS A list of scale items that were(More)
BACKGROUND Sevoflurane is a new volatile anesthetic with physical properties that should make it suitable for anesthesia (MAC of sevoflurane on oxygen alone and in 60% nitrous oxide, (MAC) of sevoflurane in oxygen alone and in 60% nitrous oxide, the hemodynamic, induction and emergence responses to sevoflurane and the metabolism to inorganic fluoride were(More)
Remifentanil hydrochloride is a new, ultrashort-acting opioid metabolized by nonspecific plasma and tissue esterases. We conducted this multicenter study to examine the hemodynamic response and recovery profile of premedicated children undergoing strabismus repair who were randomly assigned to receive one of four treatment drugs (remifentanil, alfentanil,(More)
  • J Lerman
  • Canadian journal of anaesthesia = Journal…
  • 1996
The purpose of this review is to describe the statistical methods available to determine sample size and power analysis in clinical trials. The information was obtained from standard textbooks and personal experience. Equations are provided for the calculations and suggestions are made for the use of power tables. It is concluded that sample size(More)
BACKGROUND Published dexmedetomidine pharmacokinetic studies in children are limited by participant numbers and restricted pathology. Pooling the available studies allows investigation of covariate effects. METHODS Data from four studies investigating dexmedetomidine pharmacokinetics after i.v. administration (n = 95) were combined to undertake a(More)
BACKGROUND Sevoflurane is an inhalational anesthetic with characteristics suited for use in children. To determine whether the induction, recovery, and safety characteristics of sevoflurane differ from those of halothane, the following open-labeled, multicenter, randomized, controlled, phase III study in children undergoing ambulatory surgery was designed.(More)
Studies in fetal lambs suggested that the minimum alveolar concentration (MAC) in preterm neonates may be less than that in full-term neonates and older infants. To determine the MAC of isoflurane in preterm neonates, 20 patients less than 32 weeks gestation at birth and 16 patients 32-37 weeks gestation at birth, all less than 1 month post-natal age, were(More)
Dimenhydrinate, an H1-receptor antagonist, has been used to both prevent and treat postoperative vomiting (POV) in children for several decades. However, its effectiveness for POV after strabismus surgery remains anecdotal. This study was designed to determine the effectiveness and side effects of dimenhydrinate for the prevention of POV in children after(More)
In a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study, the safety, efficacy and feasibility of oral midazolam premedication in children were evaluated in an ambulatory surgery unit. Eighty unmedicated children (ASA PS I or II, ages 1-6 yr) were randomly assigned to one of four groups receiving midazolam 0.5, 0.75, or 1.0 mg.kg-1 or a placebo 30 min before(More)
BACKGROUND Studies conducted in adults undergoing surgery reported a beneficial effect of oral melatonin administered before surgery. There is a paucity of such data in children undergoing anesthesia and surgery. METHODS Children undergoing surgery were randomly assigned to receive preoperatively oral midazolam 0.5 mg/kg or oral melatonin 0.05 mg/kg, 0.2(More)