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The aim of this study was to investigate the accuracy of self-reported ratings of olfactory function in 83 healthy subjects. Such ratings were compared with quantitative measures of olfactory function, as well as with ratings of nasal patency. In experiment 1 subjects rated olfactory function and nasal patency before olfactory testing, whereas in experiment(More)
Inadequate tissue oxygenation may occur in critically ill patients with sepsis despite an apparently adequate O2 transport (QO2), and this may contribute to the development of an O2 debt and also to multiple organ failure. It has been shown that increasing QO2 by infusing a vasodilator may reveal this O2 debt in septic patients. To investigate whether the(More)
INTRODUCTION The endothelial serine protease dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPP IV) cleaves the tyrosin-prolin dipeptide of several inflammatory mediators and neuropeptides, including neuropeptide Y (NPY), yielding the endogenous Y2-receptor agonist NPY (3-36) which modulates sensory and parasympathetic nerve activity. The aims of the study were to investigate(More)
The occurrence of neuropeptide Y (NPY), vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP) and peptide histidine isoleucine (PHI) in the sympathetic and parasympathetic innervation of the nasal mucosa was studied in various species including man. A dense network of NPY-immunoreactive (IR) fibres was present around arteries and arterioles in the nasal mucosa of all(More)
Pharmacological and physiological aspects for neuropeptide Y (NPY) and noradrenaline (NA) cotransmission have been studied in the peripheral sympathetic nervous control of blood vessels, heart, spleen and vas deferens. NPY coexists with NA in large dense cored vesicles and is released compared to NA mainly upon high frequency stimulation or strong reflex(More)
The overflows of noradrenaline (NA) and neuropeptide Y like immunoreactivity (NPY-LI) and vascular responses upon sympathetic nerve stimulation were analysed in the nasal mucosa of pentobarbital anaesthetized pigs. In controls, a frequency-dependent increase in NA overflow was observed whereas detectable release of NPY-LI occurred only at 6.9 Hz. Parallel(More)
Plasma immunoreactive endothelin-1 concentrations were determined by radioimmunoassay in 11 septic patients during the first 24 hours after the development of the sepsis syndrome in 15 nonseptic postoperative patients studied 24 hours after open heart surgery and in 14 healthy volunteers. Mean endothelin-1 plasma concentrations were significantly (p less(More)
The coexistence of neuropeptide Y (NPY) with noradrenaline (NA) in perivascular nerves as well as in sympathetic nerves to muscle in the heart, spleen and vas deferens suggests a role for NPY in autonomic transmission. Sympathetic nerve stimulation or reflexogenic activation in experimental animals or man are associated with NPY release as revealed by(More)
Although brain structures involved in central nervous olfactory processing in humans have been well identified with functional neuroimaging, little is known about the temporal sequence of their activation. We recorded olfactory event-related potentials (ERP) to H(2)S stimuli presented to the left and right nostril in 12 healthy subjects. Topographic and(More)
AIM The prevalence of intracellular Staphylococcus aureus organisms in the nasal mucosa of patients with recurrent infectious rhinosinusitis episodes was studied. METHOD Twenty-seven consecutive adult patients who failed medical management of chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) of multiple origins, associated or not with nasal polyposis, were consecutively(More)