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OBJECTIVE To develop a reliable and valid clinical scale measuring the severity of ataxia. METHODS The authors devised the Scale for the Assessment and Rating of Ataxia (SARA) and tested it in two trials of 167 and 119 patients with spinocerebellar ataxia. RESULTS The mean time to administer SARA in patients was 14.2 +/- 7.5 minutes (range 5 to 40).(More)
OBJECTIVE To identify factors that determine disease severity and clinical phenotype of the most common spinocerebellar ataxias (SCAs), we studied 526 patients with SCA1, SCA2, SCA3. or SCA6. METHODS To measure the severity of ataxia we used the Scale for the Assessment and Rating of Ataxia (SARA). In addition, nonataxia symptoms were assessed with the(More)
OBJECTIVE To obtain quantitative data on the progression of the most common spinocerebellar ataxias (SCAs) and identify factors that influence their progression, we initiated the EUROSCA natural history study, a multicentric longitudinal cohort study of 526 patients with SCA1, SCA2, SCA3, or SCA6. We report the results of the 1- and 2-year follow-up visits.(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the usefulness of functional measures in patients with spinocerebellar ataxia (SCA). METHODS We assessed three functional measures-8 m walking time (8MW), 9-hole peg test (9HPT), and PATA repetition rate-in 412 patients with autosomal dominant SCA (genotypes 1, 2, 3, and 6) in a multicenter trial. RESULTS While PATA rate was(More)
OBJECTIVE A randomized, two-way, crossover bioequivalence study in 24 healthy Korean male volunteers was conducted to compare bioequivalence of two brands of 20 mg omeprazole capsules, Hutex omeprazole (Hutex Pharm Co. Korea) as a test and Yuhan Losec (Yuhan Co. Ltd., Korea) as a reference drug. VOLUNTEERS AND METHODS Subjects were administered single(More)
BACKGROUND Autosomal dominant spinocerebellar ataxia type 2 (SCA2) bears clinical and neuropathologic similarities to sporadic multisystem atrophy (MSA) or Parkinson disease, in which sleep pathology is well documented. However, those clinical entities have a marked variability of the reported sleep disturbances, and their etiology is heterogeneous. In(More)
Allergic rhinitis (AR) is characterized by inflammation of the nasal mucosa with hypersensitivity resulting from seasonal or perennial responses to specific environmental allergens and by symptoms like nasal rubbing, sneezing, rhinorrhea, lacrimation, nasal congestion and obstruction, and less frequently cough. KOB extracts, which is a polyherbal medicine(More)
UNLABELLED A total of 48 patients undergoing surgical decompression of the ulnar nerve at the cubital tunnel between February 2010 and May 2013 were retrospectively studied to determine changes in the cross-sectional area of the nerve by the technique of neurosonography. The mean follow-up was 46 months. Post-operative follow-up examination of the(More)
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