J. S. Hill Gaston

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HLA-B27 transgenic animal models suggest a role for CD4(+) T lymphocytes in the pathogenesis of the spondyloarthropathies, and murine studies have raised the possibility that unusual forms of B27 may be involved in disease. We demonstrate that CD4(+) T cells capable of recognizing B27 can be isolated from humans by coculture with the MHC class II-negative(More)
Adjuvant arthritis in rats is induced by a T cell clone specific for amino acids 180-188 of the mycobacterial 65-kD heat-shock protein, and synovial T cell responses to this same Ag have been noted in human arthritis. We have isolated 65-kD Ag-specific T cell clones from synovial fluid mononuclear cells of a patient with acute arthritis, which, unlike the(More)
We demonstrate that human T lymphocytes proliferate in vitro to highly purified human heat-shock protein 60 (Hu.hsp60). The response to this self Ag was confined to the CD45RA+ RO- T cell subset, with minimal responses by adult CD45RA- RO+ T cells. Experiments using keyhole limpet hemocyanin as a prototypic novel Ag, or tetanus toxoid as a recall Ag, were(More)
Epstein-Barr (EB) virus-specific cytotoxic T cells, prepared from virus-immune donors by reactivation in vitro and maintained thereafter as IL-2-dependent T cell lines, have been tested against large panels of EB virus-transformed lymphoblastoid cell lines of known HLA type. Whilst the pattern of lysis of the majority of targets was always consistent with(More)
Detection of antibodies to an outer membrane protein 2 (OMP2) by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) by using either the Chlamydia trachomatis- or the Chlamydia pneumoniae-specific protein was investigated. OMP2 is an immunodominant antigen giving rise to antibody responses in humans infected with different C. trachomatis serovars (A to C and D to K)(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the efficacy of weekly treatment with oral azithromycin for 13 weeks on the severity and resolution of reactive arthritis (ReA). METHODS 186 patients from 12 countries were enrolled in a randomised, double blind, placebo controlled trial. Inclusion criteria were inflammatory arthritis of < or =6 swollen joints, and disease duration(More)
In reactive and postinfectious arthritis the joints are generally sterile but the presence of bacterial antigens and nucleic acids has been reported. To investigate whether organisms traffic to affected joints in these conditions, we performed reverse transcription PCR using universal primers to amplify any bacterial 16S rRNA sequences present in synovial(More)
BACKGROUND Macrophage activation by cytokines provides only a partial explanation of antimycobacterial immunity in man. Because cytolytic T lymphocytes have been shown to contribute to immunity in animal models of intracellular infection, the generation of mycobacterial antigen specific cytotoxic T cells was examined in the peripheral blood of patients with(More)
The level of long-term responsiveness of cytotoxic T cells to Epstein-Barr (EB) virus has been measured in peripheral-blood mononuclear-cell cultures from symptom-free renal-allograft recipients under conventional immunosuppression. 8 of 22 patients showed a profoundly impaired responsiveness when compared with health control donors. The allograft(More)
OBJECTIVES To characterise cultured T lymphocytes from nerve biopsies in patients with Guillain-Barré syndrome and chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP). METHODS Sural nerve biopsies, obtained from six patients with Guillain-Barré syndrome, four with CIDP, and six controls with other neuropathies, were cultured with 20 U/ml recombinant(More)