J. S. Hill Gaston

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Adjuvant arthritis in rats is induced by a T cell clone specific for amino acids 180-188 of the mycobacterial 65-kD heat-shock protein, and synovial T cell responses to this same Ag have been noted in human arthritis. We have isolated 65-kD Ag-specific T cell clones from synovial fluid mononuclear cells of a patient with acute arthritis, which, unlike the(More)
Epstein-Barr (EB) virus-specific cytotoxic T cells, prepared from virus-immune donors by reactivation in vitro and maintained thereafter as IL-2-dependent T cell lines, have been tested against large panels of EB virus-transformed lymphoblastoid cell lines of known HLA type. Whilst the pattern of lysis of the majority of targets was always consistent with(More)
Detection of antibodies to an outer membrane protein 2 (OMP2) by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) by using either the Chlamydia trachomatis- or the Chlamydia pneumoniae-specific protein was investigated. OMP2 is an immunodominant antigen giving rise to antibody responses in humans infected with different C. trachomatis serovars (A to C and D to K)(More)
In reactive and postinfectious arthritis the joints are generally sterile but the presence of bacterial antigens and nucleic acids has been reported. To investigate whether organisms traffic to affected joints in these conditions, we performed reverse transcription PCR using universal primers to amplify any bacterial 16S rRNA sequences present in synovial(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the efficacy of weekly treatment with oral azithromycin for 13 weeks on the severity and resolution of reactive arthritis (ReA). METHODS 186 patients from 12 countries were enrolled in a randomised, double blind, placebo controlled trial. Inclusion criteria were inflammatory arthritis of < or =6 swollen joints, and disease duration(More)
The level of long-term responsiveness of cytotoxic T cells to Epstein-Barr (EB) virus has been measured in peripheral-blood mononuclear-cell cultures from symptom-free renal-allograft recipients under conventional immunosuppression. 8 of 22 patients showed a profoundly impaired responsiveness when compared with health control donors. The allograft(More)
OBJECTIVES To characterise cultured T lymphocytes from nerve biopsies in patients with Guillain-Barré syndrome and chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP). METHODS Sural nerve biopsies, obtained from six patients with Guillain-Barré syndrome, four with CIDP, and six controls with other neuropathies, were cultured with 20 U/ml recombinant(More)
Epstein-Barr (EB) virus-specific effector T cell lines were established from nine virus-immune donors positive for the serologically defined HLA-A2 antigen; of these, four lines contained a demonstrable A2-restricted cytotoxic component. When these four effector populations were each tested on the same panel of EB virus-transformed lines from 20(More)
Thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP) produced by epithelial cells acts on dendritic cells (DCs) to drive differentiation of TH 2-cells, and is therefore important in allergic disease pathogenesis. However, DCs themselves make significant amounts of TSLP in response to microbial products, but little is known about the key downstream signals that induce and(More)
Expression of the adhesion molecule, CD146/MCAM/MelCAM, on T cells has been associated with recent activation, memory subsets and T helper type 17 (Th17) effector function, and is elevated in inflammatory arthritis. Th17 cells have been implicated in the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and spondyloarthritides (SpA). Here, we compared the(More)