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Breeding and tissue culture of certain cultivars of bananas (Musa) have led to high levels of banana streak badnavirus (BSV) infection in progeny from symptomless parents. BSV DNA hybridized to genomic DNA of one such parent, Obino l'Ewai, suggesting integration of viral sequences. Sequencing of clones of Obino l'Ewai genomic DNA revealed an interface(More)
A knowledge of genome organization is important for understanding how genomes function and evolve, and provide information likely to be useful in plant breeding programmes involving hybridization and genetic manipulation. Molecular techniques, including in situ hybridization, molecular cloning and DNA sequencing, are proving valuable tools to investigate(More)
Concerted evolution leading to homogenization of tandemly repeated DNA arrays is widespread and important for genome evolution. We investigated the range and nature of the process at chromosomal and array levels using the 1.688 tandem repeats of Drosophila melanogaster where large arrays are present in the heterochromatin of chromosomes 2, 3, and X, and(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS The diploid goat grass Aegilops tauschii (2n = 2x = 14) is native to the Middle East and is the D-genome donor to hexaploid bread wheat. The aim of this study was to measure the diversity of different subspecies and varieties of wild Ae. tauschii collected across the major areas where it grows in Iran and to examine patterns of diversity(More)
The number of major rDNA loci (the genes coding for 18S-5.8S-26S rRNA) was investigated in the economically important Brassica species and their wild relatives by in situ hybridization of an rDNA probe to metaphase chromosomes and interphase nuclei. The diploid species B. nigra (B genome) has two major pairs of rDNA loci, B. oleracea (C genome) has two(More)
We have analysed a family of highly repetitive DNA from Arabidopsis arenosa (L.) Lawalrée [syn. Cardaminopsis arenosa (L.) Hayck] composed of AT-rich tandem repeats of 166-179 bp in head to tail organization. Sequence comparison between several repeat units revealed a high level of divergence of 4.5% to 25%. The sequence family shows more than 58% homology(More)
The physical location of the rDNA repeating units (25 S, 18 S and 5.8 S rRNA genes and the intergenic spacer sequences) was investigated in rye (Secale cereale L.) and wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) root tip meristematic cells by in situ hybridization using light and electron microscopy. The rDNA sequences are organized differently in the two related and(More)
BACKGROUND Cultivated bananas and plantains are giant herbaceous plants within the genus Musa. They are both sterile and parthenocarpic so the fruit develops without seed. The cultivated hybrids and species are mostly triploid (2n = 3x = 33; a few are diploid or tetraploid), and most have been propagated from mutants found in the wild. With a production of(More)
Repetitive DNA sequences in the terminal heterochromatin of rye (Secale cereale) chromosomes have consequences for the structural and functional organization of chromosomes. The large-scale genomic organization of these regions was studied using the telomeric repeat from Arabidopsis and clones of three nonhomologous, tandemly repeated, subtelomeric DNA(More)