Learn More
Ankylosing spondylitis is a common form of inflammatory arthritis predominantly affecting the spine and pelvis that occurs in approximately 5 out of 1,000 adults of European descent. Here we report the identification of three variants in the RUNX3, LTBR-TNFRSF1A and IL12B regions convincingly associated with ankylosing spondylitis (P < 5 × 10(-8) in the(More)
We have previously described critical and nonredundant roles for the phosphoinositide 3-kinase p110delta during the activation and differentiation of naive T cells, and p110delta inhibitors are currently being developed for clinical use. However, to effectively treat established inflammatory or autoimmune diseases, it is important to be able to inhibit(More)
The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress response detects malfunctions in cellular physiology, and microbial pattern recognition receptors recognize external threats posed by infectious agents. This study has investigated whether proinflammatory cytokine expression by monocyte-derived dendritic cells is affected by the induction of ER stress. Activation of ER(More)
An epitope within the 60 kD Chlamydia trachomatis heat shock protein (hsp) 60, recognized by a HLA-DRB1*0401-restricted T cell clone from a reactive arthritis patient, has been characterized. Stimulatory peptides contained a nine amino acid sequence (residues 38-46) predicted by algorithm to confer strong binding to DRB1*0401, with valine in the P1(More)
Identification of the immunogenic proteins that induce Chlamydia trachomatis (CT)-specific T cell responses is crucial to the development of protective vaccines and understanding the mechanisms of chlamydia-induced pathology. To characterize the targets of the human T cell response we have used chlamydia-reactive human T cell clones as cellular probes to(More)
The findings of bacterial antigens in the joint and persistent triggering infection elsewhere in the body are thought to be important in the pathogenesis of reactive arthritis (ReA). We describe a patient with clinical and laboratory features consistent with this. The initial presentation with erythema nodosum and periarthritis due to infection with(More)
Four indices of the EB virus carrier state, for which quantitative in vitro assays now exist, have been monitored in 55 renal allograft recipients under long-term immunosuppression, each patient being tested on a single occasion. By comparison with parallel data from healthy control donors, the results indicate the extent to which virus replication in the(More)
BACKGROUND The development of inhibitors in hemophiliacs is a severe complication of factor VIII (FVIII) replacement therapy and is a process driven by FVIII specific T helper cells. OBJECTIVES To finely map T cell epitopes within the whole FVIII protein in order to investigate the possibility of engineering FVIII variants with reduced propensity for(More)
Reactive arthritis (ReA) is believed to be "triggered' by infection with certain bacteria. When the proliferative responses of mononuclear cells (MC) obtained from the synovial fluid (SF) of ReA patients were examined, it was found that they responded maximally to the specific organism responsible for the preceding infection. The response was shown to be(More)