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The L1 cell adhesion molecule has six domains homologous to members of the immunoglobulin superfamily and five homologous to fibronectin type III domains. We determined the outline structure of the L1 domains by showing that they have, at the key sites that determine conformation, residues similar to those in proteins of known structure. The outline(More)
We have produced a number of astrocytic cell lines, some of which promote abundant neurite outgrowth, some of which are poor promoters of neurite outgrowth. The critical difference between these lines lies in the extracellular matrix, cell lines that are good promoters of axon growth producing a matrix that promotes axon growth, cell lines that are poor(More)
The adult mammalian central nervous system (CNS) lacks the capacity to support axonal regeneration. There is increasing evidence to suggest that astrocytes, the major glial population in the CNS, may possess both axon-growth promoting and axon-growth inhibitory properties and the latter may contribute to the poor regenerative capacity of the CNS. In order(More)
In an attempt to reconstruct the 6-hydroxydopamine lesioned nigrostriatal system of the adult rat we have combined homotopic grafting of embryonic ventral mesencephalon suspensions with the implantation of long oblique "bridge" grafts of fibroblast growth factor-4-transfected RN-22 schwannoma cells stretching from the site of the neuronal grafts to the(More)
Neural cell adhesion molecule NrCAM exists in a variety of isoforms as a result of alternative splicing of individual exons during RNA processing. In this report we demonstrate that many of the alternative splicing events described for chick are conserved in man and describe a novel variant of NrCAM cDNA. Furthermore, we show that NrCAM is expressed at(More)
Axons damaged in the adult mammalian central nervous system are able to regenerate when their inhibitory glial environment is replaced with a more permissive substrate. Here, we have used long oblique "bridge" grafts of fibroblast growth factor-4-transfected RN-22 schwannoma cells to allow mechanically lesioned nigrostriatal axons to regenerate back to(More)
Central injections of FGF have been reported to promote the survival of dopamine neurones in nigral grafts. With the goal of developing an improved delivery of trophic molecules, an immortalized RN22 Schwann cell line transfected with a secretory form of FGF, kFGF, was irradiated and co-transplanted with embryonic nigral grafts in the 6-OHDA lesioned rat(More)
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