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Among the physiologic changes during pregnancy, the disproportionate increases in plasma volume and red cell mass produce a decrease in hemoglobin concentration. Pathologic anemia of pregnancy is mostly attributable to iron deficiency associated with increased requirements and inadequate intake (1), but physiologic changes also occur in iron markers. Iron(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE There are a few reports regarding the outcome evaluation of balloon-expandable intracranial stent placement (BEICS). The purpose of our study was to evaluate the outcome and factors related to the adverse events (AEs) of BEICS. MATERIALS AND METHODS We evaluated 100 consecutive patients who underwent BEICS. We assessed the(More)
OBJECTIVE Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is characterized by the dysfunction of control and reward mechanisms. However, only few neuroimaging studies of OCD have examined the reward processing. We examined the neural responses during incentive processing in OCD. METHOD   Twenty unmedicated patients with OCD and 20 age-, sex-, and IQ-matched healthy(More)
The aim of the present study was to understand if sport improves attention symptoms, social competency, and cognitive functions in children with attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The present study was designed as a 6-week, prospective trial, including 12 sessions of education/sports therapy. 13 ADHD children participated in a 90-min(More)
We have isolated and characterized two complete cDNA clones, Zfz8a and Zfz8b, which encode zebrafish Frizzled (Fz) homologues. The predicted protein sequences, spanning 579 and 576 amino acid residues for ZFz8a and ZFz8b, respectively, were highly homologous (78%) to each other and contained an extracellular cysteine-rich domain and seven transmembrane(More)
Throughout adulthood, neurons are continuously replaced by new cells in the dentate gyrus (DG) of the hippocampus, and this neurogenesis is increased by various neuronal injuries including ischemic stroke and seizure. While several mechanisms of this injury-induced neurogenesis have been elucidated, the initiation factor remains unclear. Here, we(More)
In this study we investigated the effect of immunostimulation on intracellular ATP level in rat glial cells. Rat primary astrocytes or C6 glioma cells were treated for 48 h with IFN-gamma, LPS or IFN-gamma plus LPS. These treatments increased NO production from the cells and a synergistic increase in NO production was observed with IFN-gamma plus LPS.(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The hippocampal atrophy of MDD has been known, but the region shape contractions of the hippocampus in MDD were inconsistent. Spheric harmonic shape analysis was applied to the hippocampus in female patients with unremitting MDD to evaluate morphometric changes of the hippocampus. MATERIALS AND METHODS Shape analysis was performed(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Loss of dopaminergic neurons in the nigrostriatal pathway is well-documented in PD, whereas neuronal changes beyond the nigrostriatal pathway are uncertain. The purpose of our study was to estimate volume changes in the striatum and thalamus, which are areas of the basal ganglia, as well as in GM and WM located beyond the(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE A performance of forced arterial suction thrombectomy was not reported for the treatment of acute basilar artery occlusion. This study compared revascularization performance between intra-arterial fibrinolytic treatment and forced arterial suction thrombectomy with a Penumbra reperfusion catheter in patients with acute basilar artery(More)