J. Ross Colvin

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A novel C(35) terpene and its monounsaturated analogue were isolated from cultures of Acetobacter xylinum, together with traces of their C(36) homologues. These substances were found to be hopane derivatives substituted by a five-carbon chain bearing four vicinal hydroxyl groups. For the parent hydrocarbon the term bacteriohopane is proposed. The(More)
Methanobacterium bryantii was found to undergo rapid lysis when grown in a prereduced chemically defined medium under H2-CO2 (4:1, vol/vol). The addition of 20 mM MgCl2 to the medium gave, rather than rapid lysis, a gradual formation of phase-dark spherical bodies which in thin section appeared as true protoplasts. In general, the protoplasts were(More)
Cultures of cellulose-deficient cells ofAcetobacter xylinum that were isolated from solid medium revert from the cellulose-deficient condition to the normal, cellulose-producing, form after five transfers in liquid medium. In addition, serial cultures of initial mixtures of cellulose-deficient cells and normal cells in the ratio of 9 to 1 show a rapid(More)
Development of the morphology and microstructure of colonies of Acetobacter xylinum growing on agar was studied by optical microscopy, and transmission and scanning electron microscopy. The mass of rapidly dividing cells surrounded by a sheath of cellulose microfibrils passes from a smooth spheroid to a flattened aggregate with a characteristic "pillowed"(More)
Recently the lateral width of the cellulose microfibril has been estimated as 30 A rather than about 150 to 200 A, by extrapolation of data from model shadowing experiments. The difference was attributed to a layer of metal deposited during shadowing. However, direct photographs of the same microfibrils parallel and perpendicular to the direction of(More)
Small strands and bundles of strands extend from the outside surface of suspension-cultured cells of Daucus, Ipomoea, and Phaseolus into the medium. This fibrous cell coat is present in all samples from various growth stages but appears to increase in quantity in the order Ipomoea < Phaseolus < Daucus. The bundles are often many microns in length and(More)