J. Robert Grammer

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The highly invasive behavior of glioblastoma cells contributes to the morbidity and mortality associated with these tumors. The integrin-mediated adhesion and migration of glioblastoma cells on brain matrix proteins is enhanced by stimulation with growth factors, including platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF). As focal adhesion kinase (FAK), a nonreceptor(More)
Focal adhesion kinase (FAK) is a nonreceptor tyrosine kinase that on activation generates signals that can modulate crucial cell functions, including cell proliferation, migration, and survival. In vitro, overexpression of FAK has been shown to promote cell proliferation by signaling through the Ras/mitogen-activated protein kinase cascade in several cell(More)
We have reported previously that the expression of focal adhesion kinase (FAK) is elevated in glioblastomas and that expression of FAK promotes the proliferation of glioblastoma cells propagated in either soft agar or in the C.B.17 severe combined immunodeficiency (scid) mouse brain. We therefore determined the effect of FAK on cell cycle progression in(More)
p125 focal adhesion kinase (p125FAK) is a cytoplasmic tyrosine kinase that is activated upon engagement of integrin cell adhesion receptors, and initiates several signaling events that modulate cell function in vitro. To determine the biologic role of p125FAK in malignant astrocytic tumor cells, U-251MG human malignant astrocytoma cells were stably(More)
Based on the hypothesis that the attachment of neuroectodermal cells to thrombospondin-1 (TSP-1) may affect tumor spread and play a role in the anti-tumor effects of retinoic acid, we investigated the expression of TSP-1 in these cells in situ and the effect of retinoic acid on the morphology of TSP-1-adherent neuroblastoma (SK-N-SH) and malignant(More)
PURPOSE Focal adhesion kinase (FAK) is a cytoplasmic tyrosine kinase that has been shown to promote proliferation, migration, and invasion of several cell types in vitro, and we have shown recently that FAK promotes proliferation of malignant astrocytoma cells in vivo. To determine the role of FAK in angiogenesis in malignant astrocytic tumors, we(More)
Cellular Src activity modulates cell migration, proliferation, and differentiation, and recent reports suggest that individual members of the Src family may play specific roles in these processes. As we have found that Lyn, but not Fyn, activity promotes migration of glioblastoma cells in response to the cooperative signal generated by platelet-derived(More)
The extracellular matrix of the normal adult brain lacks expression of most of the adhesive glycoproteins that are known to promote cell attachment, and it has been thought that the malignant invasion of astrocytoma tumor is mediated primarily by remodeling of the matrix by the tumor cells. It has been reported, however, that normal brain neuropil does(More)
Host antiangiogenesis factors defend against tumor growth. The matricellular protein, thrombospondin-2 (TSP-2), has been shown to act as an antiangiogenesis factor in a carcinogen-induced model of skin cancer. Here, using an in vivo malignant glioma model in which the characteristics of the tumors formed after intracerebral implantation of GL261 mouse(More)
Anti-angiogenic therapies would be particularly beneficial in the treatment of malignant gliomas. Peptides derived from the second type 1 repeat (TSR) of thrombospondin-1 (TSP-1) have been shown to inhibit angiogenesis in non-glioma tumor models and a modified TSR peptide, ABT-510, has now entered into Phase II clinical trials of its efficacy in non-glioma(More)