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The role of transient speech components on speech intelligibility was investigated. Speech was decomposed into two components--quasi-steady-state (QSS) and transient--using a set of time-varying filters whose center frequencies and bandwidths were controlled to identify the strongest formant components in speech. The relative energy and intelligibility of(More)
There are many methods used to represent joint kinematics (e.g., roll, pitch, and yaw angles; instantaneous center of rotation; kinematic center; helical axis). Often in biomechanics internal landmarks are inferred from external landmarks. This study represents mandibular kinematics using a non-orthogonal floating axis joint coordinate system based on 3-D(More)
Chronic low back pain (CLBP) is one of the most common, poorly understood, and potentially disabling chronic pain conditions from which older adults suffer. Many older adults remain quite functional despite CLBP, and because age-related comorbidities often exist independently of pain (e.g., medical illnesses, sleep disturbance, mobility difficulty), the(More)
Hidden Markov modeling (HMM) provides a probabilistic framework for modeling a time series of multivariate observations. An HMM describes the dynamic behavior of the observations in terms of movement among the states of a nite-state machine. In this paper, we present an algorithm that selects an HMM topology for a set of time series data. Our method selects(More)
To quantify performance differences between patients with low-back pain (LBP) and a control group during their performance of a repetitive isodynamic lifting task. Case-control study was done. LBP patients were recruited and tested at an outpatient ambulatory chronic pain rehabilitation program before treatment was begun. Fifty-three LBP patients who had(More)
The validity and accuracy of the application of the auditory steady-state response (ASSR) to electric response audiometry (ERA) was tested further in a study permitting subjects to be their own controls for hearing loss. Simulated sensorineural hearing loss (SSHL) of complex configuration and varying degrees was effected using filtered masking noise.(More)