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The observation that recovery from infection with Leishmania confers immunity to reinfection suggests that control of leishmaniasis by vaccination may be possible. However, there are no vaccines available at present to control any form of leishmaniasis, despite considerable efforts. Studies of the immunopathogenesis and mechanisms of protective immunity,(More)
It has been reported that the level of protection provided by vaccines against murine visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is low and that progress in research on VL may be due to the lack of appropriate models to study protective immunity. We have analysed the immunohistological features occurring in BALB/c mice after intravenous administration of 10(3), 10(5) and(More)
The 70-kDa heat shock protein (HSP70) is highly conserved among both prokaryotes and eukaryotes and plays essential roles in diverse cellular functions not only under stress but also under normal conditions. In the protozoan Leishmania infantum, the causative agent of visceral leishmaniasis, HSP70 is encoded by two HSP70 genes. Here, we describe the(More)
Leishmania histones are relevant immunogens for the host immune system during both Leishmania infection and disease. In the present paper we have evaluated the prophylactic value of the four Leishmania infantum histones forming the nucleosomal core in the murine model of cutaneous leishmaniasis. In a first stage, the immune response elicited by the(More)
We have examined the efficacy of the administration in mice of a molecularly defined vaccine based on the Leishmania infantum acidic ribosomal protein P0 (rLiP0). Two different challenge models of murine cutaneous leishmaniasis were used: (i) subcutaneous inoculation of L. major parasites in susceptible BALB/c mice (a model widely used for vaccination(More)
The search for disease-associated T helper 2 (Th2) Leishmania antigens and the induction of a Th1 immune response to them using defined vaccination protocols is a potential strategy to induce protection against Leishmania infection. Leishmania infantum LiP2a and LiP2b acidic ribosomal protein (P proteins) have been described as prominent antigens during(More)
Leishmania major is the major cause of cutaneous leishmaniosis (CL) outside of the Americas. In the present study we have cloned six Leishmania genes (H2A, H2B, H3, H4, A2 and HSP70) into the eukaryotic expression vector pCMVβ-m2a, resulting in pCMV-HISA70m2A, which encodes all six pathoantigenic proteins as a single polyprotein. This expression plasmid has(More)
In this study, we examined the immunogenic properties of the Leishmania infantum acidic ribosomal protein P0 (LiP0) in the BALB/c mouse model. The humoral and cellular responses induced by the administration of the LiP0 antigen, either as soluble recombinant LiP0 (rLiP0) or as a plasmid DNA formulation (pcDNA3-LiP0), were determined. Also, the immunological(More)
The mechanisms underlying the protective effects induced by dendritic cells (DC)-based vaccines against Leishmania major in mice are not yet completely understood. In the present study, we investigated the potential of DC loaded with a mixture of the Leishmania infantum histones in the absence (HIS-pulsed DC) or presence of CpG motifs (HIS+CpG-pulsed DC) as(More)
Chagas disease, caused by Trypanosoma cruzi, affects several million people in Central and South America. About 30% of chronic patients develop cardiomyopathy probably caused by parasite persistence and/or autoimmunity. While several cross-reactive antibodies generated during mammal T. cruzi infection have been described, very few cross-reactive T cells(More)