J. Richard Dickinson

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The Ehrlich Pathway for Fusel Alcohol Production: a Century of Research on Saccharomyces cerevisiae Metabolism Lucie A. Hazelwood, Jean-Marc Daran, Antonius J. A. van Maris, Jack T. Pronk, and J. Richard Dickinson* Department of Biotechnology, Delft University of Technology, and Kluyver Centre for Genomics of Industrial Fermentation, 2628 BC Delft, The(More)
A cDNA, cRKIN1, encoding a putative homologue of the yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) SNF1-encoded protein-serine/threonine kinase, has been isolated from a library prepared from rye endosperm mRNA. Northern blot analysis demonstrated the presence of cRKIN1-related transcripts in developing endosperms but not in shoots, and Southern blot analysis showed the(More)
The catabolism of phenylalanine to 2-phenylethanol and of tryptophan to tryptophol were studied by (13)C NMR spectroscopy and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Phenylalanine and tryptophan are first deaminated (to 3-phenylpyruvate and 3-indolepyruvate, respectively) and then decarboxylated. This decarboxylation can be effected by any of Pdc1p, Pdc5p,(More)
Aerobic, glucose-limited chemostat cultures of Saccharomyces cerevisiae CEN.PK113-7D were grown with different nitrogen sources. Cultures grown with phenylalanine, leucine, or methionine as a nitrogen source contained high levels of the corresponding fusel alcohols and organic acids, indicating activity of the Ehrlich pathway. Also, fusel alcohols derived(More)
The sporulation of Saccharomyces cerevisiae in the presence of [2-13C]acetate was studied by 13C NMR spectroscopy. The fate of 13C label was analyzed in vivo and in cell extracts. During the first 4 hr of sporulation the major metabolite produced from [2-13C]acetate utilization was glutamate. From the labeling pattern observed it is concluded that both the(More)
BACKGROUND Recognizing fundamental flaws in the fragmented US health care systems and the potential of an integrative, generalist approach, the leadership of 7 national family medicine organizations initiated the Future of Family Medicine (FFM) project in 2002. The goal of the project was to develop a strategy to transform and renew the discipline of family(More)
At a concentration of 0.5% (v/v), isoamyl alcohol induced the formation of hyphal-like extensions in haploid and diploid strains of Saccharomyces cerevisiae in liquid complex medium. These extensions, which develop via bud initiation and elongation, undergo DNA replication and nuclear division and appear similar in many respects to an aberrant form of the(More)
The metabolism of leucine to isoamyl alcohol in yeast was examined by 13C nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. The product of leucine transamination, alpha-ketoisocaproate had four potential routes to isoamyl alcohol. The first, via branched-chain alpha-keto acid dehydrogenase to isovaleryl-CoA with subsequent conversion to isovalerate by acyl-CoA(More)
The specific activity of branched-chain amino acid aminotransferase was highest when S. cerevisiae was grown in minimal medium containing a branched-chain amino acid as nitrogen source. Growth in complex media with glycerol or ethanol gave moderately high levels, whereas with glucose and fructose the specific activity was very low. Mutagenesis defined three(More)
The metabolism of isoleucine to active amyl alcohol (2-methylbutanol) in yeast was examined by the use of (13)C nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, combined gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, and a variety of mutants. From the identified metabolites a number of routes between isoleucine and active amyl alcohol seemed possible. All involved the(More)