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The vascular Na+ pump maintains intracellular ionic concentration and controls membrane potential. Its inhibition by cardiac glycosides enhances the intracellular Na+ concentration. This in turn activates the Na+-Ca2+ exchange mechanism, which induces intracellular Ca2+ increase, membrane depolarization, and noradrenaline release from perivascular(More)
1. Age-related changes in the blood prooxidant-antioxidant state, as well as its influence on the relaxant responses to acetylcholine (ACh) were studied in the tail artery from 6-, 24- and 30-month-old Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats. 2. Malondialdehyde (MDA) plasma levels increased 2 and 3 times in 24- and 30-month-old rats, respectively, when compared with(More)
The endothelium exerts a large influence on the underlying vascular smooth muscle, not only by the release of both contracting and relaxing factors but also by its ability to synthesize a large number of molecules that influence vascular smooth muscle growth. In addition to well-characterized growth promoters or growth inhibitors, some endothelium-derived(More)
The vascular effects of endothelin-1 (ET-1) were compared with those elicited by phorbol 12,13-dibutyrate (PDB), an activator of the protein kinase C (PKC), to analyze the involvement of this enzyme on ET-1 responses. PDB and ET-1 caused slow-developing contractions (sustained and transient, respectively), which were reduced by the PKC inhibitor,(More)
Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is the most frequent cause of heart failure and the leading indication for heart transplantation. Here we show that epigenetic regulator and central transcriptional instructor in adult stem cells, Bmi1, protects against DCM by repressing cardiac senescence. Cardiac-specific Bmi1 deletion induces the development of DCM, which(More)
Preservation with University of Wisconsin (UW) solution has been implicated in coronary artery endothelial damage and loss of endothelium-dependent vasodilatation. Therefore, the objective of this study was to investigate the effect of this solution on basal nitric oxide (NO) release from porcine coronary endothelial cells (CEC). Cultures were exposed to(More)
Endothelial interference with ouabain effects on vascular smooth muscle was analyzed in isolated human placental arteries and veins, carotid arteries from reserpinized guinea pigs (to eliminate the adrenergic actions of the glycoside), and aorta from Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats that were 5 weeks, 3, 6, 12, and 18 months old. After endothelium removal,(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the effect of ouabain on inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) activity and expression in cytokine-stimulated vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) from normotensive Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats and spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). METHODS VSMC were treated for 24 h and afterwards, nitric oxide (NO) release was determined by the(More)
We studied vascular sodium pump activity and its regulation by vasoactive agents and endothelium in cultured aortic vascular smooth muscle cells from normotensive Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKY) and spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). Baseline sodium pump activity (ouabain-inhibitable 86Rb+ uptake) was similar in cells from both rat strains. Angiotensin II and(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to determine the effect of University of Wisconsin solution (UWS) incubation on bradykinin-induced vasodilation. METHODS Porcine coronary arteries were incubated in Krebs-Henseleit solution (KHS) or UWS at 4 degrees C for 20 hours. Endothelium-dependent relaxation to bradykinin and endothelium-independent relaxation to(More)