This paper reports the formulation and results of a Monte Carlo study of uncertainties in noise-parameter measurements. The simulator permits the computation of the dependence of the uncertainty in the noise parameters on uncertainties in the underlying quantities. Results are obtained for the effect due to uncertainties in the reflection coefficients of… (More)
This paper analyzes overall economic growth performance in the Arab world since the mid 1960s, with the key objective of developing a better understanding about what drives the growth process in the Arab region. Growth in the region since 1985 has been rather disappointing, both relative to the best performers in the developing world as well as compared to… (More)
The Policy Research Working Paper Series disseminates the findings of work in progress to encourage the exchange of ideas about development issues. An objective of the series is to get the findings out quickly, even if the presentations are less than fully polished. The papers carry the names of the authors and should be cited accordingly. The findings,… (More)
[This corrects the article on p. 433 in vol. 107.].
The paper outlines and compares two models of how globalization is likely to affect the risk of civil war – a liberal model and structuralist model. Overall, we find considerably more support for the liberal model than for the structuralist, anti-globalist model. Trade does appear to have a capacity for increasing internal peace – not directly, but via… (More)
—We report results of stability and repeatability measurements performed on a selection of different noise sources for selected frequencies between 12 GHz and 26.5 GHz. Measurements cover intervals classified as intermediate term (about 1 week) and long term (about 1 year or more). Noise sources measured include a commercial diode source, a gas-discharge… (More)