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Usefulness of a method of artificial foliage was tested for estimation of total ionic inputs from the atmosphere to forest ecosystems, as well as of processes relevant to ionic fluxes through tree canopies: uptake, leaching, passive flow. The studies were performed in Norway spruce and European beech stands in Karkonosze Mountains (Poland), in 1995-97.(More)
A method, of artificial foliage placed above rain collectors, which enables to estimate total atmospheric inputs of elements, was employed to study processes related to ionic flow through a tree canopy. The investigations were conducted within a beech forest in the Karkonosze Mountains, in 1996-1997. An analysis of net canopy exchange (throughfall(More)
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