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Using double-label quantitative immunoelectron microscopy on ultrathin cryosections of rat liver, we have compared the endocytotic pathways of the receptors for asialoglycoprotein (ASGP-R), mannose-6-phosphate ligands (MP-R), and polymeric IgA (IgA-R). All three were found within the Golgi complex, along the entire plasma membrane, in coated pits and(More)
Using anti-Nk-1.1 serum, the alloantiserum specific for murine natural killer (NK) cells, we followed the ontogenetic development of Nk-1+ cells in fetal thymus, liver, and spleen. A transient population of Nk-1+ cells in fetal thymus was observed on day 14 but not on day 16 of gestation. On day 16 of gestation, Nk-1+ cells were detected only in liver and(More)
Autophagy plays an important role in cancer and it has been suggested that it functions not only as a tumor suppressor pathway to prevent tumor initiation, but also as a pro-survival pathway that helps tumor cells endure metabolic stress and resist death triggered by chemotherapeutic agents, including acquired resistance. We aimed to identify small-molecule(More)
Bone marrow (BM) harbors precursors (Pre-NK) to NK cells. Recently, we devised an in vitro culture system that induces differentiation of the presumptive BM Pre-NK cells into cytotoxic cells to YAC in the presence of rat concanavalin A (Con A) conditioned medium. We have now analyzed the antigenic phenotype of the effector cells, precursor cells, and the(More)
By using anti-Nk-1 antiserum, we detected a significant proportion of Nk-1+ cells in bone marrow (BM) with low lytic activity that can be slightly enhanced with interferon (IF). These BM Nk-1+ cells also bind to YAC-1 cells. Because Nk-1 antigen has been found to mark NK cells, BM appears to harbor immature precursors to natural killer (NK) cells. We(More)
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