J R Pappenheimer

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Absorption and excretion of undegradable peptides were investigated with use of octapeptides synthesized from D-amino acids. D-Tyrosine was included in each peptide to permit labeling with 125I, D-glutamic acid or D-lysine were included to vary net electric charge and D-serine or D-leucine were included to vary lipid solubility. Peptides were administered(More)
T HE PENETRATION of capillary walls by water and dissolved substances appears to take place solely by processes which require no energy transformations on the part of the capillary endothelial cells. The rate of net fluid movement across the capillary wall has been shown to be simply proportional to the difference between hydrostatic and osmotic forces(More)
Sleep-promoting factor (factor S) was extracted, partially purified, and concentrated from cerebrospinal fluid and from acid-acetone extracts of brain stem anc cortex of sleep-deprived goats and sheep. 2. Solutes greater than 500 daltons were largely removed by serial ultrafiltrations through molecular sieves (Amicon membranes UM10 and UM05); solutes less(More)
1. Sleep-promoting muramyl peptide purified from human urine (SPU) was injected through chronically implanted guide tubes into defined regions of the basal forebrain and brain stem of unanesthetized rabbits. Electroencephalogram (EEG) and body movements were recorded subsequent to each injection. 2. Of 52 injection sites, there were 8 in which(More)
Hypoxia causes severe disruption of both rapid-eye-movement (REM) and non-REM (NREM) sleep. Experiments were performed on rats to determine if hypoxic insomnia is mediated by peripheral chemoreceptors and if normal sleep is restored during acclimatization to low O2. Novel methods were devised to measure distribution of amplitudes of cortical slow waves(More)
A sleep promoting factor has been extracted and purified from cerebrospinal fluid of sleep-deprived goats, from whole brains of sleep-deprived rabbits and from brainstems of slaughterhouse cattle. Intraventricular infusion of the purified material into rats, cats, rabbits or squirrel monkeys induces excess slow-wave sleep in the recipients for several hours(More)
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