J. R. Loften

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Purified corn and wheat starch were added to alfalfa, Coastal bermudagrass, fescue, and orchardgrass hays at 0, 40, 60, and 80% of the total as-fed substrate, and fiber digestion kinetics were determined in vitro. Kinetics were estimated by the model R = Doe-k(t-L) + U where R is residue remaining at time t, Do is digestible fraction, k is digestion rate(More)
Energy is the most limiting nutritional component in diets for high-producing dairy cows. Palmitic (C16:0) and stearic (C18:0) acids have unique and specific functions in lactating dairy cows beyond a ubiquitous energy source. This review delineates their metabolism and usage in lactating dairy cows from diet to milk production. Palmitic acid is the fatty(More)
The objective of this work was to assess the effects of age and gastrointestinal location (rumen vs. colon) on bacterial community diversity and composition, as well as short-chain fatty acid profiles of preruminant male Holstein calves on an intensive milk replacer feeding program. Thirty-two calves were fed at 2% of their body weight (dry matter basis)(More)
Digestive disorders are common during the first few weeks of life of newborn calves. Prebiotics are nondigestible but fermentable oligosaccharides that modulate growth and activity of beneficial microbial populations, which can result in enhanced gut health and function. Galactooligosaccharides (GOS) have demonstrated such prebiotic potential. In this(More)
During the past decade, fatty acid (FA) research has been focused on discovering the optimal combination of FA to feed to lactating cows for the purpose of improving milk yield (MY) and milk components. Most long chain fatty acid (LCFA) supplements contain either combinations of palmitic (C16:0) and oleic acids (C18:1), highly enriched C16:0 (>80%), or(More)
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