J. R. F. Alonso

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The combined Golgi/electron microscope (EM) technique was used to analyze the fine structure and synaptic organization of the various types of neurons in the rat lateral septum (LS), i.e., in the dorsolateral (LSd), intermediolateral (LSi), and ventrolateral (LSv) nuclei of the septal complex. Two characteristic cell types were observed in the LSd: type I(More)
The area of cytoplasm, nucleus, nucleolus and mitochondria, as well as the elongation and irregular outline of the nucleus were determined, on electron micrographs by using an image analyser, for Ap (pale), Ad (dark with intranuclear vacuole), Ad-like (dark without intranuclear vacuole), Ac (cloudy) and Al (long) human spermatogonia. Ap and Ac spermatogonia(More)
Three-dimensional profiling by sinusoidal fringe projection using PSI-algorithms are distorted by the nonlinear response of digital cameras and commercial video projectors. To solve the problem, we present a fringe generation technique that consists of projecting and acquiring a temporal sequence of strictly binary color patterns, whose (adequately(More)
The identification and extraction (i.e., segmentation) of geometrical features is crucial in many tasks requiring image analysis. We present a method for the optical segmentation of features of interest from an edge enhanced image. The proposed method is based on the nonlinear filtering (implemented by the use of a spatial light modulator) of the(More)
Three-dimensional shape measurements by sinusoidal fringe projection using phase-shifting interferometry algorithms are distorted by the nonlinear response in intensity of commercial video projectors and digital cameras. To solve the problem, we present a method that consists in projecting and acquiring a temporal sequence of strictly binary patterns, whose(More)
The convergence of optical imaging acquisition and image processing algorithms is a fast-evolving interdisciplinary research field focused on the reconstruction of images with novel features of interest. We propose a method for post-capture perspective shift reconstruction (in the x, y, and z directions) of a three-dimensional scene as well as refocusing(More)
We present a novel image contouring method based on the polarization features of the twisted-nematic liquid-crystal displays (TN-LCDs). TN-LCDs are manufactured to work between a crossed polarizer-analyzer pair. When the analyzer is at 45 deg (instead of 90 deg) with respect to the polarizer, one obtains an optically processed image with pronounced outlines(More)
We present a novel optical method for edge enhancement in color images based on the polarization properties of liquid-crystal displays (LCD). In principle, a LCD generates simultaneously two color-complementary, orthogonally polarized replicas of the digital image used as input. The currently viewed image in standard LCD monitors and cell phone's screens(More)
The spectrophotometric determination of arsenic using sodium borohydride in pellet form, with excipients as the reducing agent and arseine former, has been studied. The use of pelletized sodium borohydride allows the formation of arsenic diethyldithiocarbamate and enables an accurate application of the method without the use of other reagents. The gradual(More)
We present some pattern recognition applications of a generalized optical Hough transform and the temporal multiplexing strategies for dynamic scale and orientation-variant detection. Unlike computer-based implementations of the Hough transform, in principle its optical implementation does not impose restrictions on the execution time or on the resolution(More)