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The effect of naltrexone (0.5, 1.0, 1.5, and 2.0 mg/kg) on the frequency of self-injurious behavior (SIB) was investigated in three male adolescents. The frequency of total SIB was reduced significantly in all three subjects; dose-dependent decreases (at 0.5, 1.0, and 1.5 mg/kg) in SIB frequency were observed in the two mentally retarded subjects. These(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to determine if zolpidem is associated with improved responsiveness or regional cerebral perfusion in patients with persistent vegetative states. METHODS Following ethics approval, children with persistent vegetative state were enrolled in a prospective, double-blind, placebo-controlled randomised trial. Patients(More)
Transmembrane water transport is mediated by aquaporins (AQPs), of which AQP1 and AQP4 are expressed in skeletal muscle. AQP4 expression is reduced in Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) patients, and is reported to correlate with decreased alpha1-syntrophin and altered osmotic permeability. In this study, we assessed the relationship between AQP1, AQP4,(More)
The effects of acute, orally administered naltrexone (0.5, 1.0, 1.5 and 2.0 mg/kg), a potent opioid receptor antagonist, on self-injurious behavior (SIB), heart rate, and blood pressure in three males (one 10-year-old and two 17-year-olds) were investigated. Subjects were evaluated in a structured test session for SIB. The frequency of the most predominant(More)
Adult survivors of institutional abuse were interviewed with a comprehensive assessment protocol which included the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire, the Institutional Child Abuse Processes and Coping Inventory, the Structured Clinical Interviews for Disorders of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders IV axis I disorders and personality(More)
INTRODUCTION Multimorbidity (MM) refers to the coexistence of two or more chronic conditions within one person, where no one condition is considered primary. As populations age and healthcare provision improves, MM is becoming increasingly common and poses a challenge to the single morbidity approach to illness management, usually adopted by healthcare(More)