J R Demarest

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The electrical properties of oxyntic cells were measured in intact isolated Necturus fundic mucosa by dissecting away the serosal muscle and connective tissue and impaling the oxyntic cells across their basolateral membranes. Their properties under resting [i.e., not secreting acid (10(-4) M serosal cimetidine)] and stimulated (10(-4) M histamine)(More)
The effects of voltage clamping on the flux ratios and unidirectional and net fluxes of Na and Cl were used to gain insight into the mechanisms of active and passive ion transport across urinary bladders isolated from seawater-(SW) and freshwater-acclimated (FW) flounder, Platichthys stellatus. Although the transepithelial conductance (Gt = 2.77 mS X cm-2)(More)
Urinary bladders from seawater-acclimated (SW) flounder had a transepithelial resistance (Rt) of congruent to 2,000 omega X cm2 and absorbed Na and Cl at equal rates of about 3 mueq X cm-2 X h-1 in an electrically silent manner; the short-circuit current (Isc) was 0.03 +/- 0.01 mueq X cm-2 X h-1. The transport of Na and Cl was only partially coupled.(More)
We have used the fluorescence intensity ratio (excitation 490/439; emission 520-550 nm) of 2',7'-bis(carboxyethyl)-5(6)-carboxyfluorescein (BCECF) to measure intracellular pH (pHi) in single oxyntic cells (OCs) within intact gastric glands isolated from rabbits. The fluorescence ratio was converted to pHi by exposing cells to high [K] Ringer plus 10(-5) M(More)
We have examined whether two recently isolated forms of tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus) prolactin exert similar effects on osmoregulatory physiology. The effects of salinity, hypophysectomy, and replacement therapy with tilapia prolactins on whole-animal transepithelial potential (TEP), gill Na+, K+-ATPase activity, and plasma ions were determined. When(More)
The short-circuit current (Isc) of resting Necturus gastric mucosa (approximately 20 microA/cm2) can be attributed to the algebraic sum of the net Cl- secretion and amiloride-inhibitable net Na+ absorption. We have attempted to identify the cell types [surface epithelial cells (SCs) or oxyntic cells (OCs)] responsible for the transport of these ions in(More)
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