J. R. Bertino

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Endothelial cells of human capillary blood vessels at the blood-brain and other blood-tissue barrier sites express P-glycoprotein as detected by mouse monoclonal antibodies against the human multidrug-resistance gene product. This pattern of endothelial cell expression may indicate a physiological role for P-glycoprotein in regulating the entry of certain(More)
We have characterized the normal human tissue distribution and tumor expression of the human multidrug resistance gene (MDR1) product P-glycoprotein (Pgp) by immunohistochemical staining of frozen tissue sections of human normal and tumor tissues, using three mouse monoclonal antibodies (MAb) which recognize at least two different epitopes of Pgp. Pgp(More)
Salvage of patients with relapsed and refractory Hodgkin disease (HD) with high-dose chemoradiotherapy (HDT) and autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) results in event-free survival (EFS) rates from 30% to 50%. Unfortunately, the reduction in toxicity associated with modern supportive care has improved EFS by only 5% to 10% and has not reduced the(More)
The prognostic effect of weight loss prior to chemotherapy was analyzed using data from 3,047 patients enrolled in 12 chemotherapy protocols of the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group. The frequency of weight loss ranged from 31 percent for favorable non-Hodgkin's lymphoma to 87 percent in gastric cancer. Median survival was significantly shorter in nine(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate a chemotherapy regimen that consisted of ifosfamide administered as an infusion with bolus carboplatin, and etoposide (ICE) supported by granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) for cytoreduction and stem-cell mobilization in transplant-eligible patients with primary refractory or relapsed non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL). PATIENTS(More)
PURPOSE To determine if fluorouracil (FUra) has different mechanisms of action as a function of the dose schedule used. DESIGN The preclinical and clinical literature relating toxicity and antitumor effects of FUra as a function of its dose schedule, with and without modulating agents, was reviewed. RESULTS The data support the hypothesis that FUra may(More)
High-dose methotrexate is a major component of current protocols for the treatment of osteosarcoma, but some tumors seem to be resistant. Potential mechanisms of resistance include decreased transport through the reduced folate carrier (RFC) and increased expression of dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR). To investigate methotrexate resistance, tumors were(More)
The rate of dihydrofolate reductase synthesis in the AT3000 line of methotrexate-resistant murine Sarcoma 180 cells is approximately 200to 250-fold greater than that of the sensitive, parental line. We have purified cDNA sequences complementary to dihydrofolate reductase mRNA and subsequently used this probe to quantitate dihydrofolate reductase mRNA and(More)
The epothilones are naturally occurring, cytotoxic macrolides that function through a paclitaxel (Taxol)-like mechanism. Although structurally dissimilar, both classes of molecules lead to the arrest of cell division and eventual cell death by stabilizing cellular microtubule assemblies. The epothilones differ in their ability to retain activity against(More)